Download Pronominal Reference: Child Language and the Theory of by Lawrence Solan (auth.) PDF

By Lawrence Solan (auth.)

Linguistic conception has visible a considerable shift in concentration up to now decade. while early examine in generative grammar sought descriptive adequacy during the proliferation of transformational ideas, contemporary efforts have focused on defining structures of rules that limit the applying of a significantly simplified sys­ tem of ideas of grammar. those rules, due to their wide program inside of a selected language, and their visual appeal in a variety of languages lower than research, are claimed to mirror innate cognitive constructions usually termed common grammar. Accompanying this new, and extremely attention-grabbing learn in linguis­ tic concept is an curiosity in convinced facets of the language acquisi­ tion strategy that relate to the theoretical claims. As new insights let us hypothesize either extra particularly and extra plausibly approximately linguistic universals, the particular evidence approximately linguistic increase­ ment in teenagers develop into more and more appropriate as extra info on which to formulate and attempt new rules. This e-book appears to be like heavily at a specific set of linguistic buildings with appreciate to either linguistic thought and language improvement, exploring the connection among the theoretical claims and the result of a sequence of language acquisition experiments. even supposing paintings of this kind is frequently referred to as interdisciplinary, the problems addressed are truly outlined, even if no longer them all are replied. This ebook might be of specific curiosity to linguists, and to psychologists interested in linguistic and cognitive development.

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Extra resources for Pronominal Reference: Child Language and the Theory of Grammar

Sample text

We put him in John's bed. (21)a. I told him about the party when Bill was here. b. I interviewed her after Mary's speech. The subordinate clause in (20a) and the prepositional phrase in (20b) are both dominated by the verb phrase. Since this node also dominates him the pronoun c-commands the complements and Reinhart's constraint blocks coreference between the pronoun and the italicized noun phrases. The corresponding subordinate clause and prepositional phrase in (21) are both dominated by the S node.

In Ford's home town he is considered a genius. b. In Ford's home town he built a house. Although some speakers marginally allow coreference in (25b), there is a clear difference between it and (25a). The difference lies in the fact that the prepositional phrase in (25a) is a sentential complement while that in (25b) is a verbal complement. It is generally agreed that constituents fronted from the verb phrase occupy a different position in the tree than those fronted from the S node. The schemata in (26) differentiate between the two structures in (25), according to Reinhart's analysis.

Chapter 6 summarizes the results of these studies, relating them specifically to some of the issues addressed here. NOTES It is plausible, for instance, that the principle operating to prohibit pronominal reference in (1) applies in marginally different domains from language to language. See Harbert (1980) for some discussion. 2 With respect to reflexives and pronouns, a substantially large number of Otsu's subjects failed to fit into the predicted pattern. Furthermore, some children passed the repetition test when the sentences contained relfexives, but failed it when the sentences contained reciprocals.

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