Download Reliability Modeling and Analysis of Smart Power Systems by Rajesh Karki, Roy Billinton, Ajit Kumar Verma PDF

By Rajesh Karki, Roy Billinton, Ajit Kumar Verma

The quantity offers the learn paintings in knowing, modeling and quantifying the dangers linked to alternative ways of imposing clever grid know-how in energy structures with the intention to plan and function a contemporary strength procedure with a suitable point of reliability. strength platforms in the course of the international are present process major alterations growing new demanding situations to process making plans and operation for you to supply trustworthy and effective use of electric strength. definitely the right use of shrewdpermanent grid expertise is a crucial force in mitigating those difficulties and calls for substantial examine actions, a few of which (by researchers from academia and undefined) are integrated during this quantity: the reliability appraisal of shrewdpermanent grid applied sciences and their purposes, micro-grids, evaluation of plug-in hybrid cars and the procedure results, shrewdpermanent process safety and reliability review, call for reaction and clever upkeep of strength method equipment.

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S. Gouveia et al.  :LWKRXW(9SDUWLFLSDWLRQ :LWK(9SDUWLFLSDWLRQ I +] :LWK(9SDUWLFLSDWLRQ I +]  )UHTXHQF\>+]@               7LPH>V@ Fig. 7 Hz. After 10 s, the MG is suddenly disconnected from the main grid and becomes isolated.  7. In order to sustain the initial frequency drop, about 60 % of the MG total load is gradually disconnected. Secondary frequency control was implemented locally at each SSMT through PI controllers. After the islanding the secondary frequency control starts to respond immediately leading to the correction of the frequency deviation (the slow response of the SSMT leads to a significant time for frequency recovery).

The deployment of EV may offer additional resources to the MG operating under emergency conditions [11, 12]. When properly managed, the EV can be regarded as a very flexible load or storage device: when parked and connected to the LV network through proper interfaces, EV will controllably absorb energy and store it in their batteries, being also able to deliver it back to the grid—the vehicle-to-grid (V2G) concept. The adoption of innovative control strategies, taking advantage of the EV flexibility, has the potential to enhance MG resilience, avoiding large frequency excursions resulting from loads or MS power variations [11, 12].

Such problems can be mitigated by strategically placing the units that compensate for intermittent power outputs. One of such units is the plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) reserve-based microgrid. Strategically placing PHEV reserve-based microgrids can potentially mitigate severity of network problems and they can also improve the security of supply if they are appropriately located in an active distribution network. Such a provision can also improve the active network performance by reducing power losses, by improving voltage profiles, by reducing the network congestion, and by improving power transfer margins.

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