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By Gavin Lucas

This ebook examines how colonial identities have been developed within the Cape Colony of South Africa given that its institution within the 17th century as much as the 20th century. it really is an explicitly archaeological process yet which additionally attracts extra largely on documentary fabric to check how various humans within the colony – from settler to slave – built identities via fabric tradition. The e-book explores 3 key teams: The Dutch East India corporation, the loose settlers and the slaves, via a few archaeological websites and contexts. With the archaeological proof, the publication examines how those assorted teams have been enmeshed inside racial, sexual, and sophistication ideologies within the broader context of capitalism and colonialism, and attracts largely on present social idea, specifically post-colonialism, feminism and Marxism. This e-book is aimed basically at archaeologists, yet also will allure historians and people drawn to cultural idea and fabric tradition stories. particularly, historic archaeologists and scholars of historic archaeology may be the basic readership and purchasers.

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3; Burman 1969: 67-8; see Eric Rosenthal Local History Collection, MSB 974 2(2)). Considering this was a private venture, almost everyone in the higher ranks of the VOC payroll was clearly hoping to cash in. This was not unusual, for although the Company prohibited its servants from engaging in private business, it was so widespread as considered to be normal at the Cape (Penn 1999: 109). Indeed, one of the shareholders, Alleman had previously been entangled in an official complaint against an abuse of his position by another VOC servant, Estienne Barbier who was later to become a voice for burghers against the corruption of the VOC (Penn 1999).

The success of the VOC fluctuated as conditions in northern Europe changed however. In 1609, Spain lifted its trade embargo, which saw a slight loss of momentum in overseas trade, but then it was re-imposed again in 1621 until 1647. It was however, only during the second half of the 17th century that the overseas trade really flourished and brought economic prosperity to the Republic through its 'rich trade'. It was in its context of safeguarding its trade routes to the East Indies that a trading post was established at the Cape of Good Hope in 1652, its primary function to supply outward and homeward bound VOC ships with supplies.

Little detailed information was given in his reports about the new mines progress or depth, indeed he changes his measurements from lachter to clafften (which is a similar length, about 2 m), but he does mention they were subject to flooding which caused serious problems. Moreover it seems over time, Muller shifted his teams lower and lower down the mountain—perhaps partly because of the labour involved in moving the mined ore downhill. Sancta Helena was the only one he seemed to persist with after the middle of 1747, by which time, it had progressed about 24 m deep.

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