By Charles Hornsby
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Kenya: A History Since Independence
On account that independence in 1963, Kenya has survived approximately 5 a long time as a functioning countryside, with common elections, its borders intact, and with out experiencing struggle or army rule. even though, Kenya's independence has continuously been circumscribed by way of its failure to go beyond its colonial previous: its governments have did not in achieving enough residing stipulations for many of its electorate and its politics were fraught with controversy - illustrated so much lately through the post-election protests and violence in 2007.
Additional resources for Kenya: A History Since Independence
This ended with the 2007 elections, the shattering violence of January–February 2008 and its aftermath in the creation of Kenya’s first true coalition. An epilogue, Chapter 13, covers events since April 2008. The ‘grand coalition’ endured, but struggled to solve Kenya’s problems, with the notable exception of a new constitution, which was inaugurated in 2010 with great hope but with huge risks as well. Chapter 14, the conclusion, reprises the themes of the book. It weaves together a picture of how Kenya’s politics have been dominated by a struggle to deliver security, efficiency and growth, but how a few divisive political themes and the legacies of the past have undermined their achievements, making the long-term future of Kenya’s institutions and the security of the country’s people far from certain.
Indian immigrants also brought new forms of Islam and the Hindu religion into urban areas. Although Christianity first arrived in Kenya during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, it had little impact until the twentieth century. The British conquest saw the Bible arrive alongside the gun, as missionaries moved into Kenya in the 1890s and 1900s. The result was the rapid growth of competing evangelical missions from European Christian communities. These included the Anglican Church Missionary Society, the Presbyterian Church of Scotland Mission, the African Inland Mission/Church, Methodists, Pentecostal churches, Quakers and the Catholic Church.
Indb 32 14/11/2011 10:59:46 Independence! 33 mixture of Muslim Arabs, Swahili, Mijikenda and growing numbers of upcountry workers, particularly Luo and Kamba, working around the port. Smaller settlements included Kisumu and Nakuru. Originally, the urban areas were designed for permanent European and Asian occupation only, with Africans regarded as temporary visitors. This policy soon broke down, but strict racial segregation was still observed, and most urban land was European or Asian owned until the 1960s.