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By A.M. Tishin

The magnetocaloric impression describes the switch in temperature of a magnetic fabric less than adiabatic stipulations throughout the software or removing of an exterior magnetic box. This influence is especially suggested at temperatures and fields comparable to magnetic part transitions, and it's a strong and ordinary instrument for research of the magnetic country and mechanisms of those transitions. extra lately there was major curiosity in its attainable exploitation in magnetic refrigeration and cryocooling structures.

The Magnetocaloric impact and its purposes provides an entire evaluation of theoretical and experimental study effects surrounding the magnetocaloric impact, and a accomplished dialogue of present and power purposes of the phenomenon. The booklet studies these fabrics with magnetic second of either band and localized nature and diverse different types of magnetic ordering, and fabrics with extra unique magnetic buildings also are thought of. a close dialogue of experimental and theoretical stories of quite a few infrequent earth magnetic fabrics is given, with emphasis at the actual interpretation of saw phenomena.

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MCE in superparamagnetic systems 47 Chen et al (1994) considered the process of nanocomposite system formation by deposition of magnetic and nonmagnetic particles on a substrate. The possibility of formation of chains, consisting of magnetic particles (clusters) touching each other, in the nonmagnetic matrix was taken into account. These chains increase the effective magnetic cluster size, causing a deviation from the optimum value and a reduction of ÁSM . The number and length of the chains forming in a nanocomposite during the random deposition process was numerically simulated by a simple computer model.

4, under consideration of the magnetocaloric effect and the entropy change caused by the magnetic field, that the magnetic phase transition is a phase transition of the second-order type. ) of the thermodynamic potential are continuous functions and the second derivatives undergo a discontinuous change ( jump). 8). Because of that there are no jumps in entropy, thermal expansion, or magnetization, and there is no latent heat (ÁQ ¼ TÁS) in the point of the second-order transition. Such behaviour can be explained by indistinguishability of old and new phases in the second-order transition points.

106) it is straightforward that the MCE peak value is positive (maximum of the MCE) if ÁCðH; TÞ < 0 and is negative (minimum of the MCE) if ÁCðH; TÞ > 0. Experimental results on the heat capacity of ferromagnets in various magnetic fields show that ÁCðH; TÞ > 0 at temperatures below and just above the zero magnetic field heat capacity peak. ÁCðH; TÞ changes sign and becomes positive at slightly higher temperatures, so the MCE maximum in a ferromagnet should be expected above the temperature corresponding to the zero magnetic field heat capacity peak.

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