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By Peter Woodward

Nowhere is the crumbling of kingdom constructions extra self-evident than in Somalia, the Sudan and Ethiopia. Drawing on a variety of little-known fabric, this ebook offers an summary of structural disintegration within the Horn of Africa from the twin views of household and overseas political advancements. The breakdown of those 3 significant states is due, based on Woodward, to the ravages of civil battle. He argues that, whereas all 3 conflicts come up from family matters, their scale has been magnified via overseas involvement which has additionally associated the 3 nations jointly, with Ethiopia because the crux. The Horn of Africa is a examine of the nationwide and overseas dimensions of those conflicts, analyzing not just the relatives among the 3 international locations, but in addition their kinfolk with various neighborhood actors in addition to with the superpowers.

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Extra resources for The Horn of Africa: State, Politics and International Relations

Sample text

More broadly, in the post-Second World War period it was the                decline of Britain as the major imperial power in north-east and East Africa that allowed a major change in the international politics of the Horn. ) Just as the Horn’s strategically significant position on the sea route to the east and on the periphery of the Middle East had drawn European intervention in the region, so the same factors encouraged others to step into the international vacuum being created by imperial decline.

The largely Muslim and Arab-identifying north was politically dominant over a south which, though less homogenous and largely ‘ethnically’ structured, was evolving a small political elite, whose selfperception was increasingly ‘African’ and Christian, very much in contradistinction to the emergent political establishment in the north. But regionalism, often reflecting the imbalances of centre-periphery relations, is not in itself unusual in Africa. What was more unusual was the deep division within that nationalist establishment, especially since party rivalry centred on a long history of suspicion and ambition between the major sects, personified by the genuine antipathy of Sayed Ali el-Mirghani and Sayed Abd el-Rahman el-Mahdi.

There were times all through the colonial period when the various powers endeavoured to make a reality of the boundaries that they had imposed on the region and check the ancient patterns of migration, thus fragmenting clan relationships. The Mareehan clan was effectively riven as a result of the division of their traditional lands between Italian Somalia, the Northern Frontier District (NFD) of British-ruled Kenya, and Ethiopia’s control of the Ogaden. Grazing lands and wells between which migration had taken place for centuries, were now separated by borders across which past free flow was by no means guaranteed in colonial circumstances.

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