Download The Asteroid Impact Connection of Planetary Evolution: With by Andrew Y. Glikson PDF

By Andrew Y. Glikson

When in 1981 Louis and Walter Alvarez, the daddy and son staff, unearthed a tell-tale Iridium-rich sedimentary horizon on the sixty five million years-old Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary at Gubbio, Italy, their locate heralded a paradigm shift within the examine of terrestrial evolution. because the Eighties the invention and examine of asteroid influence ejecta within the oldest well-preserved terrains of Western Australia and South Africa, via Don Lowe, Gary Byerly, Bruce Simonson, Scott Hassler, the writer and others, and the documentation of latest uncovered and buried impression constructions in different continents, have ended in a resurgence of the assumption of the catastrophism idea of Cuvier, formerly principally supplanted through the uniformitarian concept of Hutton and Lyell. numerous mass extinction of species occasions are identified to have happened in temporal proximity to massive asteroid affects, international volcanic eruptions and continental splitting. most probably hyperlinks are saw among asteroid clusters and the 580 Ma acritarch radiation, end-Devonian extinction, end-Triassic extinction and end-Jurassic extinction. New discoveries of ~3.5 – 3.2 Ga-old influence fallout devices in South Africa have led Don Lowe and Gary Byerly to suggest a chronic prolongation of the overdue Heavy Bombardment (~3.95-3.85 Ga) within the Earth-Moon procedure. Given the trouble in picking out asteroid impression ejecta devices and buried impression buildings, it's most likely new discoveries of effect signatures are in shop, which might additional profoundly regulate versions of terrestrial evolution.


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Extra resources for The Asteroid Impact Connection of Planetary Evolution: With Special Reference to Large Precambrian and Australian impacts

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The impact vapor is dispersed in the atmosphere, transported by winds, cools and condenses as a myriad melt droplets solidified as tiny glass spheres preserved in submarine sediments (Glass and Burns 1988; Melosh and Vickery 1991) (Figs. 1). Microkrystite spherules are distinguished from volcanic melt droplets formed by volcanic fountaining by virtue of their inward-radiating quench crystallites and centrally offset vesicles, evidence of aerodynamic imbalance. By contrast volcanic fountain-produced glass spherules display outward-radiating quench crystallites.

1007/978-94-007-6328-9_3, © The Author(s) 2013 21 22 3 Lunar Impacts and the Late Heavy Bombardment in the Earth–Moon System observed on the Moon includes old eroded craters such as the South Pole Aitken (2,240 km; 13 km-deep). 85 billion years-old [Ga] craters flooded by basaltic lava, termed Mare, representing a distinct episode of bombardment by asteroids many tens of kilometers to near one hundred kilometers in diameter. Principal craters formed during the LHB include Imbrium (outer ring—1,300 km), Orientale (930 km), Tranquillitatis (873 km), Serenitatis (707 km), Crisium (605 km) and Smythii (373 km).

In: French BM, Short NM (eds) Shock metamorphism of natural materials. Mono Book Corp Baltimore, pp 169–184 Dence MR, Grieve RAF, Robertson PB (1977) Terrestrial impact structures: principal characteristics and energy considerations. In: Roddy DJ, Pepin RO, Merrill RB (eds) Impact and explosion cratering: planetary and terrestrial implications. Pergamon New York, pp 247–275 References 33 French BM (1998) Traces of catastrophe—a handbook of shock metamorphic effects in terrestrial meteorite impact structures.

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