Download HTML Mastery: Semantics, Standards, and Styling by Paul Haine PDF

By Paul Haine

Why accept general HTML, in the event you can turn into a grasp of it? Markup is the cloth that holds the net jointly, yet most folk in basic terms scratch the skin of what might be completed utilizing (X)HTML.

That’s the place this special e-book is available in. It’s aimed toward internet designers and builders who've already mastered the fundamentals of HTML and website design, yet are looking to take their markup additional, making it leaner and extra semantically wealthy, for a extra effective, extra usable/accessible internet site.

HTML Mastery does all that and extra, displaying the entire HTML tags on hand, together with much less usual ones, the place and the way to take advantage of them, and shrewdpermanent styling and scripting strategies that you should hire to exploit them in your site. it really is absolutely criteria compliant, brand new with glossy website design options. types and tables are appeared particularly aspect, as there's loads that may be performed with them.

In addition, the booklet additionally appears at many of the complicated semantic instruments that glance to extra enhance the usability and semantic price of your sitesan complete bankruptcy is dedicated to Microformats, and a nod is given to XHTML 2.0 and net functions 1.0web criteria of the future.

Table of Contents

  1. Getting Started

  1. Using the best Tag for the suitable Job
  2. Table Mastery
  3. Form Mastery
  4. Purpose-Built Semantics: Microformats and different Stories
  5. Recognizing Semantics
  6. Looking forward: XHTML 2.0 and net purposes 1.0

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Extra info for HTML Mastery: Semantics, Standards, and Styling

Sample text

The HTML specification doesn’t explicitly list elements as being presentational per se, so I’m going to go over elements that are commonly held to be presentational:


, , , , ,  and , , , , and .  When considering using any of these elements, the acid test should be this: are you using the element purely for the visual effect?  If the answer is no, then you’re probably OK; if the answer is yes, a more suitable alternative may be out there.  A further test is if you can remove the style sheet from your document and have the document still make sense. 

8. The media attribute has a number of valid values, but only a few are widely supported. The values available are screen, tty, tv, projection, handheld, print, Braille, aural, and all, which are aimed respectively at computer screens, terminals, televisions, projectors, handheld devices, printed pages, Braille tactile feedback devices, speech synthesizers, and all of the above. Of these, you are most likely to use screen and print, and possibly handheld (which has limited support among handheld browsers).

As far as these browsers are concerned, this generated content is much like the bullet character in an unordered list—it doesn’t exist in any meaningful fashion. This may not be a problem if your citation is a name, but if it’s a URL, then ideally it ought to be clickable or at the very least selectable. Figure 2-3. Mozilla browsers can display the source with CSS, but you can’t click or select the link. The second method uses DOM Scripting, which has the advantage of working in a wider range of browsers, but the disadvantage of only working where JavaScript is present.

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