By Mcebisi Ndletyana
Introducing the lives and works of 5 unprecedented African intellectuals within the former Cape colony, this distinct heritage makes a speciality of the pioneering roles performed by means of those coarchitects of South African modernity and the contributions they made within the fields of literature, poetry, politics, faith, and journalism. delivering an in-depth investigate how they reacted to colonial conquest and missionary proselytizing, the problematic process by which those historic figures straddled either the Western and African worlds is totally explored, in addition to the ways in which those contributors shaped the basis of the fashionable nationalist liberation fight opposed to colonialism and apartheid.
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Extra info for African Intellectuals in 19th and Early 20th Century South Africa
He also conducted an evening school for adults. But now he distinguished himself in African tertiary education by leading a campaign that culminated in the establishment of the very ﬁrst African University in South Africa in 1916, the University of Fort Hare. The idea of establishing a university for black students was precipitated by an exodus of black youth to universities in the United States. Black independent churches, through their links with black universities there, were sending more and more students from South Africa to study there.
If Jabavu had been the ofﬁcially recognised spokesperson for Africans in the Cape, Rubusana had become their popular leader and organiser. As his political involvement grew, he was elected president of the Cape-based Native Congress, which had grown in strength in the 1880s and 1890s. za A letter to the South African Review, 1901. Styling himself a ‘native missionary’, Rubusana voiced strong ideas about racial issues and the behaviour of all races in the colony towards women. za A F R IC A N I N T E L L E C T UA L S president of the nation-wide body, conﬁrming his stature and popularity as a national leader.
He lobbied, though unsuccessfully, to advance the political aspirations of black people in South Africa. In 1910, as white South Africa moved towards union, he and other leaders urged Africans to unite. The culmination of this uniﬁcation drive was the launching of the South African Native National Congress in Bloemfontein in 1912. Unfortunately, Jabavu’s response to Rubusana’s new status created tensions which were ultimately to explode in the face of the black electorate. Jabavu was not pleased to see his leadership role taken over by Rubusana.