By Bronwen Everill (auth.)
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Additional info for Abolition and Empire in Sierra Leone and Liberia
19 Nation building and notions of empire also contributed significantly to the ACS’s ideas of African colonization. 20 These motivations ranged more widely than British colonizationists, but in the major part, were roughly similar in their moderate approach. The model for ACS organization was part Sierra Leone Company, part African Institution, part Plymouth Colony, part Massachusetts Bay Company. In fact, the ACS and the settlers themselves often referred to the settlement of America as their model.
The settlers repelled two separate attacks in late 1822, establishing a predominately hostile relationship with the indigenous Liberians. Just after the Liberia’s founding in 1822, the Sierra Leone Gazette reported that there had been numerous wars with unhappy indigenous groups as well as local slave traders. 33 Transatlantic tensions And yet the theme that pervades all the communication – public and private – between Cuffe, Coker, and their various networks, is one of competition, rather than cooperation.
With the expansion of the anti-slave trade squadron and the establishment of the Courts of Mixed Commission for adjudicating slave ship captures, the Sierra Leone government had to respond to the increase in African subjects from outside the British Empire. 10 In order to accommodate the assimilation of these new arrivals, Governor Charles MacCarthy (1816–24) brought two strains of humanitarianism together in his parish plan for administering the colony in districts run by Church Missionary Society (CMS) missionaries.