Download The Race for Timbuktu: In Search of Africa's City of Gold by Frank T. Kryza PDF

By Frank T. Kryza

In the 1st many years of the 19th century, no position burned extra brightly within the mind's eye of ecu geographers––and fortune hunters––than the misplaced urban of Timbuktu. Africa's mythical urban of Gold, no longer visited by way of Europeans because the heart a long time, held the promise of wealth and repute for the 1st explorer to make it there. In 1824, the French Geographical Society provided a funds prize to the 1st day trip from any state to go to Timbuktu and go back to inform the tale.

one of many contenders used to be significant Alexander Gordon Laing, a thirty–year–old military officer. good-looking and assured, Laing used to be confident that Timbuktu used to be his future, and his price tag to glory. In July 1825, after a whirlwind romance with Emma Warrington, daughter of the British consul at Tripoli, Laing left the Mediterranean coast to pass the Sahara. His 2,000–mile trip took on an additional urgency while Hugh Clapperton, a more matured explorer, got down to beat him. Apprised of every other's project through overseers in London who was hoping the 2 might cooperate, Clapperton as an alternative turned Laing's rival, spurring him on throughout a adverse desert.

An emotionally charged, action–packed, totally gripping learn, The Race for Timbuktu bargains a detailed, own examine the intense humans and pivotal occasions of nineteenth–century African exploration that modified the process historical past and the form of the trendy world.

Show description

Read or Download The Race for Timbuktu: In Search of Africa's City of Gold PDF

Similar africa books

Shorelines: A Journey Along the South African Coast

Award profitable shuttle writers Chris Marais and Julienne du Toit pack their trusty bakkie and force the whole size of South Africa's beaches, from Alexander Bay within the west to Kosi Bay within the east, assembly the unusual and the fantastic, the felony and the loopy components of seashore South Africa en direction.

Decline of the West

Coppernica, a rustic which bears a terrifying fictional resemblance to the Belgian Congo, is engaged within the fight for independence, the blood of violence, the clinging greed and moribund assumptions of white imperialism. Caute, additionally a political historian (Communism and the French Intellectuals, 1914-1960) has a dramatic seize of heritage; he's capable of make this publication converse via person realities in the scope of its setting--Africa, Europe and the U.

Kenya: A History Since Independence

Given that independence in 1963, Kenya has survived approximately 5 a long time as a functioning geographical region, with normal elections, its borders intact, and with out experiencing battle or army rule. notwithstanding, Kenya's independence has regularly been circumscribed by way of its failure to go beyond its colonial previous: its governments have did not in achieving enough dwelling stipulations for many of its electorate and its politics were fraught with controversy - illustrated such a lot lately by means of the post-election protests and violence in 2007.

Extra info for The Race for Timbuktu: In Search of Africa's City of Gold

Example text

This greatly increased capacity of the pits almost completely replaced the large fired-clay pots which had been used earlier. The large dyeing pit, which also lasted longer than the fired-clay pots, meant that large amounts of cloth could be dyed more economically than before. 70 All of these technical innovations not only enhanced textile production but also, especially in the face of increasing demand for Kano textiles, stimulated the demand for cotton and indigo. To meet this demand, more plantations were established.

In addition, Tuareg estate owners were expected to make appropriate gifts to the chiefs of the areas in which their holdings were located and to its ruler before setting out for home. 41 The influence of droughts on the growth of unfree labor is evident in Kano, where such historic harsh natural conditions as well as other financial problems normally forced many poor freemen who could barely eke out a living to sell their children into slavery or to embrace debt bondage for the survival of other kin/household members.

A. 59 These, and related studies, provide valuable insights into political and economic conditions within the Sokoto Caliphate. A. A. D. dissertations, as well as unpublished papers presented at conferences or seminars. 62 Most of these unpublished sources have similar strengths and limitations as the published works discussed earlier. It is significant to note at this point that although this study examines plantation development in Fanisau by drawing on the unpublished and published sources mentioned above, I did not possess the source material that will allow me to give a detailed comparison of the royal and private estates and to comprehensively explore, among other issues, the life and labor of the relatively few freeborn residents of the study area.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.92 of 5 – based on 17 votes