By Frank T. Kryza
In the 1st many years of the 19th century, no position burned extra brightly within the mind's eye of ecu geographers––and fortune hunters––than the misplaced urban of Timbuktu. Africa's mythical urban of Gold, no longer visited by way of Europeans because the heart a long time, held the promise of wealth and repute for the 1st explorer to make it there. In 1824, the French Geographical Society provided a funds prize to the 1st day trip from any state to go to Timbuktu and go back to inform the tale.
one of many contenders used to be significant Alexander Gordon Laing, a thirty–year–old military officer. good-looking and assured, Laing used to be confident that Timbuktu used to be his future, and his price tag to glory. In July 1825, after a whirlwind romance with Emma Warrington, daughter of the British consul at Tripoli, Laing left the Mediterranean coast to pass the Sahara. His 2,000–mile trip took on an additional urgency while Hugh Clapperton, a more matured explorer, got down to beat him. Apprised of every other's project through overseers in London who was hoping the 2 might cooperate, Clapperton as an alternative turned Laing's rival, spurring him on throughout a adverse desert.
An emotionally charged, action–packed, totally gripping learn, The Race for Timbuktu bargains a detailed, own examine the intense humans and pivotal occasions of nineteenth–century African exploration that modified the process historical past and the form of the trendy world.
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Extra info for The Race for Timbuktu: In Search of Africa's City of Gold
This greatly increased capacity of the pits almost completely replaced the large fired-clay pots which had been used earlier. The large dyeing pit, which also lasted longer than the fired-clay pots, meant that large amounts of cloth could be dyed more economically than before. 70 All of these technical innovations not only enhanced textile production but also, especially in the face of increasing demand for Kano textiles, stimulated the demand for cotton and indigo. To meet this demand, more plantations were established.
In addition, Tuareg estate owners were expected to make appropriate gifts to the chiefs of the areas in which their holdings were located and to its ruler before setting out for home. 41 The influence of droughts on the growth of unfree labor is evident in Kano, where such historic harsh natural conditions as well as other financial problems normally forced many poor freemen who could barely eke out a living to sell their children into slavery or to embrace debt bondage for the survival of other kin/household members.
A. 59 These, and related studies, provide valuable insights into political and economic conditions within the Sokoto Caliphate. A. A. D. dissertations, as well as unpublished papers presented at conferences or seminars. 62 Most of these unpublished sources have similar strengths and limitations as the published works discussed earlier. It is significant to note at this point that although this study examines plantation development in Fanisau by drawing on the unpublished and published sources mentioned above, I did not possess the source material that will allow me to give a detailed comparison of the royal and private estates and to comprehensively explore, among other issues, the life and labor of the relatively few freeborn residents of the study area.