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By Getzel M. Cohen

This authoritative and sweeping compendium, the second one quantity in Getzel Cohen's geared up survey of the Greek settlements based or refounded within the Hellenistic interval, offers old narratives, precise references, citations, and commentaries on all of the settlements in Syria, The crimson Sea Basin, and North Africa from 331 to 31 BCE. equipped geographically, the amount pulls jointly discoveries and debates from dozens of generally scattered archaeological and epigraphic tasks. Cohen's magisterial breadth of concentration permits him to supply greater than a compilation of knowledge; the amount additionally contributes to ongoing questions and should aspect the way in which towards new avenues of inquiry.

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Extra resources for The Hellenistic Settlements in Syria, the Red Sea Basin, and North Africa (Hellenistic Culture and Society)

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Briefly, Jones questioned Strabo’s description of Seleukis and the four satrapies Strabo says were in it. He noted that “an examination of the map, however, shows that it cannot have been true, for all the four cities of the tetrapolis are crowded into one corner of the Seleucis. The explanation probably is that the words ‘correspondingly to the tetrapolis’ are not quoted from Poseidonius, but are an inference by Strabo—the Seleucis was often known as the tetrapolis from its four great cities, Poseidonius says it was divided into four satrapies, therefore each of the four cities was the capital of a satrapy.

61–81; id. in CAH 2, 7: 175–204; M. Sartre in Archéologie, 31–44 (bibliog- a geographic overview 23 Henri Seyrig observed that, based on the available evidence, it would appear that northern Syria was mainly rural in the period before the arrival of Alexander. Thus, according to Xenophon (Anab. , the villages he saw belonged to the Persian queen. 3 However, Maurice Sartre has correctly noted that our knowledge of Syria in the Hellenistic period is adversely affected by the fact that we know practically nothing about the region when it was under Achaemenid rule.

It is in this area, that is, in northern Syria, that the Euphrates is closest to the Mediterranean. In the Hellenistic period trade routes from the Mediterranean to Mesopotamia did not cross the desert. Rather they arched northward following the Fertile Crescent and reached the Euphrates at either SELEUKEIA on the Euphrates or Thapsakos. The settlements in the interior east of the 12. See map XXXVI in Tchalenko, Villages, 2. 13. Seyrig in Role of the Phoenicians in the Interaction of Mediterranean Civilizations, ed.

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