Download The Finite Element Method for Electromagnetic Modeling by Gerard Meunier PDF

By Gerard Meunier

Written by way of experts of modeling in electromagnetism, this booklet presents a complete evaluate of the finite aspect process for low frequency functions. basics of the strategy in addition to new advances within the box are defined in detail.Chapters 1 to four current normal second and 3D static and dynamic formulations by means of scalar and vector unknowns and tailored interpolations for the fields (nodal, part, face or volume).Chapter five is devoted to the presentation of alternative macroscopic habit legislation of fabrics and their implementation in a finite aspect context: anisotropy and hysteretic homes for magnetic sheets, iron losses, non-linear everlasting magnets and superconductors.More particular formulations are then proposed: the modeling of skinny areas whilst finite parts turn into misfit (Chapter 6), countless domain names by utilizing geometrical modifications (Chapter 7), the coupling of second and 3D formulations with circuit equations (Chapter 8), taking into consideration the circulate, quite within the presence of Eddy currents (Chapter nine) and an unique strategy for the remedy of geometrical symmetries while the resources will not be symmetric (Chapter 10).Chapters eleven to thirteen are dedicated to coupled difficulties: magneto-thermal coupling for induction heating, magneto-mechanical coupling by means of introducing the idea of robust and susceptible coupling and magneto-hydrodynamical coupling concentrating on electromagnetic instabilities in fluid conductors.Chapter 14 offers diversified meshing tools within the context of electromagnetism (presence of air) and introduces self-adaptive mesh refinement techniques. Optimization suggestions are then lined in bankruptcy 15, with the difference of deterministic and probabilistic how to the numerical finite aspect environment.Chapter sixteen provides a variational method of electromagnetism, displaying how Maxwell equations are derived from thermodynamic rules.

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Moreover, with the usual behavior laws D(E) (monotonous increasing), it can be shown that this stationarity corresponds to a minimum. 4. Meshing in first-order triangular finite elements The first stage of the finite element method consists of subdividing the domain of study into elementary sub-domains. For the 2D domain, the simplest subdivision method consists of cutting out in triangles. 7 represents such meshing which comprises Nn = 12 nodes n1, n2, …, n12 and Ne = 12 finite elements, e1, e2, …, e12.

97] 32 The Finite Element Method for Electromagnetic Modeling In the case of a linear problem, the dielectric permittivity being constant, these coefficients are constant whatever the voltages. It is thus very easy to determine them by using as many calculations of electric field as there are electrodes. For each calculation, it is enough to consider the densities of electric charges of the domain to be zero and to consider the potentials on all the electrodes to be zero except on electrode l where the potential is fixed at a non-zero value, for example 1 V.

65]. It is judicious to gather these calculations, to perform the intermediate operations only once, such as the access to the data and the calculation of the surface. 65] provides the following results gathered in a large matrix Nn * Nn and in a large vector Nn Introduction to Nodal Finite Elements ª 2 1 « 1 1 « « . « . « . « 1 0 « hH « . 2 « . « « . « . « « . « . « «¬ . M e1 . . . . 1 . 0 . . 1 . . . . . . º » » » » » » » » R e1 » » » » » » » » . » «1» «» 2hU « . » «» ¬« . 57], in matrix S and in second member Q which temporarily play the roles of accumulator, reserved initially for Mij and Ri.

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