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By Liz Sonneborn

In 1948, the Parliament of South Africa handed a chain of legislation designed to systematically strip the nation's black majority of all political, financial, and human rights. the end result used to be apartheid, a legislative application that made the South African executive probably the most oppressive of the 20 th century. the top of Apartheid in South Africa describes the impression apartheid had on South African society and the emergence of the robust protest circulate that fought to strive against it. Anti-apartheid leaders equivalent to Stephen Biko and Nelson Mandela encouraged a world crusade opposed to their govt. This inner and exterior fight introduced a relaxed finish to apartheid in 1994, and within the technique, reworked South Africa from a world pariah right into a sleek democracy.

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Instead, each was a collection of scattered Fighting Back tracts of poor-quality land. One homeland, KwaZulu, was made up of some 70 different tracts. Theoretically, the homelands were supposed to correspond to old territories traditionally controlled by different tribes. In fact, the populations assigned to the different homelands did not have such shared tribal identities. This was a myth spread by the government to suggest that blacks were returning to their “natural” state of being, before their lives were disrupted by urbanization.

One of the largest was the South African Native National Congress (SANNC), which was founded in 1912 during a meeting of several hundred educated, middle-class blacks in the city of Bloemfontein. ) The SANNC’s first president, John L. Dube, was a minister and schoolteacher. While studying in the United States, he became familiar with the work of Booker T. Washington, an African-American educator who counseled American blacks to work hard to achieve economic success, rather than to fight for their rights through the political process.

Bunche, 28 September 1937–1 January 1938. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1992, pp. 55–56. 39 40 The End of Apartheid in South Africa Afrikaner Identity Afrikaner resentment was not a new phenomenon. It had been festering ever since the Boer War failed to resolve the tensions between the British and the Boers, from whom Afrikaners were descended. In the twentieth century, Afrikaners increasingly formed a strong sense of identity, created in large part by their hatred of both black South Africans and the British and fostered by the Broederbond (meaning “brotherhood”), an organization founded by teachers and ministers involved in the Dutch Reformed Church.

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