Download The Climate of the Mediterranean Region: From the Past to by P. Lionello PDF

By P. Lionello

The Mediterranean area encompasses a assorted and fascinating weather starting from parts with everlasting glaciers to components of subtropical, semiarid areas. The quarter is possibly delicate to weather switch and its growth has environmental, social, and monetary implications inside of and past the quarter. Produced via the Mediterranean weather Variability and Predictability study Networking Project, this ebook reports the evolution of the Mediterranean weather over the last millennia with projections additional into the twenty-first century in addition to studying intimately quite a few facets of the Mediterranean region’s weather together with evolution, atmospheric variables, and oceanic and land parts. built-in with this, the e-book additionally considers the social and financial difficulties or vulnerabilities linked to the zone. Written and reviewed by means of a number of researchers to make sure a excessive point of data awarded basically, Mediterranean weather Variables should be a useful resource of knowledge for geologists, oceanographers, and a person drawn to studying extra concerning the Mediterranean weather.

  • Written by means of prime specialists within the field
  • Presents transparent, compelling, and concise evidence
  • Includes the most recent pondering in Mediterranean weather research

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All of these factors in combination indicate a higher vulnerability to climate change of the SEMCs, given the lower adaptive capacity and at the same time higher exposure to droughts and desertification as compared with NMCs. SEMC economies, employment, and livelihoods depend more strongly on agriculture and hence on water resources and climate. Greater climate-change impacts in the south are met by a lack of technical, financial, and institutional means to implement climate adaptation solutions on a large scale.

4. , 2000) and refers to the period 1951–2005. Only areas where trends are significant at the 90% confidence level are plotted. All statistically significant temperature trends are positive. Trends are particularly large in summer over the whole western Mediterranean and in spring in its central part. The warming shown in these figures is consistent with many analyses that have been carried out at subregional scales, using direct station data. The situation is less unequivocal for precipitation, whose intrinsic and high interannual variability prevents the identification of significant trends over large areas.

The panels represent the average values for the period 1961–1990. The background meridional temperature gradient is altered by the effects of orography and complicated land–sea patterns. The main mountain ridges (Pyrenees, Alps, Atlas, Balkans, and Anatolians) determine a cool signature in all seasons. With the exception of some mountain areas, summer is warm or hot in the whole region. , Jendouba, Gabes, and Kebili in Tunisia; Taroudant in Morocco) (Dubief, 1959). Subregional features tend to dominate the spatial distribution of precipitation, which broadly decreases from wet areas in the northwest to arid and semi-arid areas in the southeast.

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