Download The Cambridge History of South Africa (Volume 2) by Robert Ross, Anne Kelk Mager, Bill Nasson PDF

By Robert Ross, Anne Kelk Mager, Bill Nasson

This e-book surveys South African background from the invention of gold within the Witwatersrand within the overdue 19th century to the 1st democratic elections in 1994. Written via some of the major historians of the rustic, it pulls jointly 4 many years of scholarship to offer a close evaluation of South Africa in the course of the 20th century. It covers political, financial, social, and highbrow advancements and their interconnections in a transparent and aim demeanour. This e-book, the second one of 2 volumes, represents an enormous reassessment of the entire significant old occasions, advancements, and documents of South Africa and should be a huge new instrument for college students and professors of African heritage around the world, in addition to the foundation for additional improvement and examine.

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The liberal message was in any case undermined by the natural disposition of functional anthropologists to develop specialist knowledge about particular tribal groups and to stress variation and difference over similarity and commonality – a tendency that was enthusiastically adopted by conservative anthropologists for whom segregation and, later, tribally based apartheid, was a distinctly desirable outcome. Those who advocated segregation as a moderate compromise between the supposed alternatives of assimilation and outright repression proved adept at turning anthropological ideas to their advantage.

Pp. 94, 96, 99, 106. 32 This sentiment represents a marked change from the Colonial Office memorandum drafted by Selborne a decade earlier that reflected on ‘racial rivalries’ in the following terms: ‘Dutch and English; English and Dutch. Most curiously though sprung from the same stock, the two races do not amalgamate. 33 Postwar reappraisals of the underlying racial affinities between white South Africans were intended to lay the theoretical ground for the achievement of a ‘white man’s country’.

Considerable intellectual and political energy was expended to render Africans perpetual political minors by removing their vestigial citizenship and franchise rights. Naturally suited to a ‘tribal’ existence, Africans were deemed best left to develop ‘along their own lines’ in specially delimited rural ‘native reserves’ – subject, of course, to their availability for labour on whiteowned farms and industries. The elaborate system of labour migration that emerged to satisfy such needs depended on, and helped to give practical reinforcement to, the notion of tribalism.

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