Download Medicine in Society: Historical Essays by Andrew Wear PDF

By Andrew Wear

The social heritage of drugs over the last fifteen years has redrawn the limits of clinical historical past. really good papers and monographs have contributed to our wisdom of the way drugs has affected society and the way society has formed drugs. This ebook synthesizes, via a sequence of essays, the most major findings of this "new social background" of medication. The interval lined levels from historical Greece to the current time. whereas assurance isn't really exhaustive, the reader is ready to hint how medication within the West constructed from an unlicensed open marketplace position, with many differing types of practitioners within the classical interval, to the 19th- and twentieth-century professionalized drugs of kingdom impression, of hospitals, public well-being drugs, and clinical medication. The e-book additionally covers leading edge issues similar to patient-doctor relationships, the heritage of the asylum, and the demographic historical past to the historical past of drugs.

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Furthermore, legal status is only one of the parameters involved in a study of the healer's social status; but it is possible to determine this with far greater accuracy than to tabulate and assess literary comments about patients' reactions to their physicians. Gourevitch, Le triangle hippocratique, provides an exhaustive survey of such evidence, but the banal conclusion to be drawn from it is that good doctors (however defined) were, on the whole, more highly regarded than bad. 101 102 Nutton, 'Patriotism', p.

G . , Creek Magical Papyri, I (Chicago, 1985). 76 It is impossible also to tell, at this distance in time, exactly why any individual doctor or patient accepted or rejected any specific piece of magic, for the distinction between magic and medicine, between high culture and popular belief, is fluid. A similar description can be given of the relationship in the Greek world between religion and medicine. 77 The author of The Sacred Disease (c. 78 The significance of dreams was accepted by Herophilus and Galen (129-c.

Astin, Cato the Censor ( O x f o r d , 1978). J . S c a r b o r o u g h , Roman Medicine (London, 1969), is most unreliable. Better is R . J a c k s o n , Doctors and Diseases in the Roman Empire (London, 1988). 89 H . J. v o n S c h u m a n n , ' Didaktisches Anschauungsmaterial der Haruspices', Deutsches Arzteblatt, 79 (1982), 79-83: Corpus Inscriptionum Etruscarum 3731-2; W . V. Harris, Rome in Etruria and Umbria (Oxford, 1971), p p . 4 - 3 1 , sets o u t the evidence for the survival o f Etruscan literary d o c u m e n t s .

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