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By Jay D White

This first-of-its-kind survey covers either the fundamentals of data know-how and the managerial and political matters surrounding using those applied sciences. not like different works on details structures, this ebook is written in particular for the general public zone and addresses specific public area concerns and issues. The technical fundamentals are defined in transparent English with as little technical jargon as attainable in order that readers can flow directly to knowledgeable research of the general public coverage matters surrounding government's use of MIS. This functional software contains finish of bankruptcy summaries with bridges to imminent chapters, various boxed shows, thorough end-of-chapter notes and a bibliography for additional examining.

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This means that 41 42 CHAPTER 3 the user usually has to pay a lot of money for the software and cannot modify the software to meet the user’s unique needs. Open source software, on the other hand, is usually cheaper and sometimes free, and comes with the source code so that modifications in the application software can be made. Both of these issues are hot topics in public administration IT circles today. This chapter will first cover the basics of computers, including the difference between data and information, and the various types of computers, programming languages, operating systems, and types of software.

Typically, it is the inclusion of these factors, both internal and external to an agency, that drives the successful development of an EIS. Two Examples of EISs in the Public Sector Executive information systems can be used to manage parts of an agency’s operations or almost all of the agency’s operations. An example of each will be presented here. S. 11 It is designed to manage many gigabytes (GB) of data about the government’s huge inventory of real estate. At the click of a mouse, a manager can navigate through 4 GB of data about 16,000 government properties worldwide.

The data are presented in graphical format and are updated daily from mainframe databases. No one really knows how extensively governments are using executive information systems. 14 Issues Related to Executive Information Systems in the Public Sector Several managerial issues are related to the use of EIS in the public sector. First is cost. As noted before, the early EISs were very expensive. They were built for mainframe and mini computer applications and sometimes required the acquisition of new hardware, which added even more to the cost of the system.

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