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By Peter John

This article presents a entire creation to neighborhood executive and concrete politics in modern Western Europe. it's the first e-book to map and clarify the numerous strategies of switch characterizing neighborhood govt platforms and to put those in a really comparative context. scholars are brought to the conventional constructions and associations of neighborhood executive and proven how those were remodeling in keeping with elevated monetary and political pageant, new principles, institutional reform and the Europeanization of public guidelines in Europe. on the books center is the perceived transition from neighborhood govt to neighborhood governance. This key improvement is traced thematically throughout a w

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Extra resources for Local Governance in Western Europe (SAGE Politics Texts series)

Sample text

Clark shows how political leaders grapple with public issues. Both governance and the new political culture approaches stress the moderation of traditional social democratic goals and the emergence of market-led policies. Indeed, it would be surprising if a crossnational account of change in local politics did not come up with some aspects of the move to local governance, even if the main focus of FAUI is culture rather than institutions. The reason for not adopting the new political culture as a framework for this book is because it focuses on sociological rather than institutional change.

The reforms of Napoleon created a uniform administration across France, divided territory accordingly and appointed officials, the prefects, to administer it. Napoleon’s conquest of Italy, Belgium and Spain allowed the French to introduce the administrative code and system of prefects, and these countries were happy to follow the lead of France once the formal dominance ended. France carried on being influential in all matters administrative and political throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and countries such as Spain, Greece, Portugal and Italy were happy to imitate the system.

Some countries already have strong leaders, so the change cannot be from collegial to mayoral forms of government. But the argument implies that even strong mayoral leadership changes in response to similar pressures and contexts. Moreover, the figure is a guide to understand change rather than a blueprint. The other reason to be cautious is that local governance does not replace the institutions of local government because much of the institutional framework of local government remains: similar laws and sources of revenue, competitive political parties and the power of senior bureaucrats.

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