Download Kenya: Between Hope and Despair, 1963-2011 by Daniel Branch PDF

By Daniel Branch

On December 12, 1963, humans throughout Kenya joyfully celebrated independence from British colonial rule, watching for a vivid way forward for prosperity and social justice. because the country techniques the 50th anniversary of its independence, despite the fact that, the people's dream continues to be elusive. in the course of its first 5 many years Kenya has skilled assassinations, riots, coup makes an attempt, ethnic violence, and political corruption. The ranks of the disaffected, the unemployed, and the terrible have elevated. during this authoritative and insightful account of Kenya's background from 1963 to the current day, Daniel department sheds new mild at the nation's struggles and the complex motives at the back of them.

Branch describes how Kenya developed itself as a nation and the way ethnicity has proved a strong strength in nationwide politics from the beginning, as have sickness and violence. He explores such divisive political matters because the wishes of the landless bad, diplomacy with Britain and with the chilly struggle superpowers, and the path of monetary improvement. Tracing an escalation of presidency corruption through the years, the writer brings his dialogue to the current, paying specific consciousness to the rigged election of 2007, the next compromise executive, and Kenya's clients as a still-evolving autonomous country.

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Extra resources for Kenya: Between Hope and Despair, 1963-2011

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That term has been recycled endlessly over the past few years by human rights activists pushing for an overhaul of law and order and a sustained programme of constitutional reform. What the culture of impunity meant in practice was that the government’s control over the police, judiciary and electoral system ensured that there was no possibility of punishment for major crimes, even if they attracted considerable attention and censure in the press. The constitution ratified in 2010 is meant to address these matters, but it is too early to assess whether or not it will achieve its aim.

Fraser argues that, in the post-Cold War world, debates about redistribution have been replaced by what might more crudely be termed ‘identity politics’. In her words, ‘group identity supplants class interest as the chief medium of political mobilization’. 34 In this book, we will see how Kenya’s leaders have encouraged political debate to centre on recognition rather than on redistribution. 35 That hope has proved forlorn. Elites have encouraged Kenyans to think and act politically in a manner informed first and foremost by ethnicity, in order to crush demands for the redistribution of scarce resources.

The results of the population boom are apparent to any visitor to Kenya. While the country is associated in the imagination of many foreigners with wide open plains, the reality of crowded towns and cities can come as a shock to the uninitiated. In the most fertile areas of the country, even rural communities can feel packed to bursting point. The most obvious outcome is competition over resources, such as land, jobs or public funding for development projects. But demographic change has also created two distinct strands of political debate.

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