Download Historical Dictionary of Madagascar by Philip M. Allen PDF

By Philip M. Allen

Madagascar, widely recognized because the "Great Island," is simply off the coast of Africa within the Indian Ocean, yet in lots of methods it infrequently resembles its mainland acquaintances. Its natural world are fairly exact, and the folkways and tradition of its inhabitants are intriguingly diverse from that of the continental countries.This revised and multiplied variation fills us in at the alterations that experience happened during the last decade whereas nonetheless masking the lengthy and complex background of the rustic. It starts off with the earliest settlers, maintains throughout the interval of French colonial rule, after which describes extra intensively the interval of independence, with all its aspirations, disasters, and renewed hopes. this is often performed in a wide creation, an intensive chronology, and 1000s of cross-referenced dictionary entries on major folks, areas, and occasions; ethnic teams and religions; and monetary, social, and cultural elements. additionally incorporated is a bibliography providing additional studying.

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The MDRM deputies return from Paris; Ravoahangy and Rabemananjara take portfolios in Tsiranana’s government; Raseta joins the opposition. 27 June: The Cooperation Agreements with France are signed. 4 September: In elections to the new National Assembly, the PSD wins 75 of 107 seats; its allied parties obtain 29 additional seats, leaving the opposition AKFM with CHRONOLOGY • xxxv three, all of them from Antananarivo. Following strictly pro-Western policy options, and with help from France, the Tsiranana government implements its development agenda by decree (ordonnance).

1863 12 May: Radama II is assassinated in reaction against his European proclivities. He is succeeded by his wife, who rules as Queen Rasoherina. Her government denounces the Lambert Charter; France demands the payment of an indemnity to Lambert. 1863–1864 The Merina monarchy sends a mission to Europe. It agrees to payment of the indemnity to Lambert. 1864 Rainilaiarivony, a member of the influential Andafiavaratra clan, becomes prime minister of Madagascar. He will retain the post for 31 years and the term for his family’s Hova (commoner) status is employed incorrectly by Europeans and Americans to characterize the monarchy itself.

28 August: In parliamentary elections, AREMA obtains 115 of 137 ANP seats with less than 65 percent of the vote. Monja Jaona is released from house arrest and wins a seat in Antananarivo. 5 December: Ratsiraka is promoted to admiral by the ANP. 1984 March: Following another stabilization agreement with the IMF, the Malagasy franc is devalued by 15 percent. 9–12 April: A cyclone destroys 60 percent of the harbor installations at Mahajanga. 31 May: The corpse of the leader of the president’s bodyguard, Colonel Kamisy, is found near gendarmerie headquarters at Antsirabe.

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