Download High Temperature Superconductivity: The Road to Higher by Shin-ichi Uchida PDF

By Shin-ichi Uchida

This ebook provides an summary of material-specific elements that impact Tc and provides upward push to assorted Tc values for copper oxides and iron-based high- Tc superconductors at the foundation of greater than 25 years of experimental info, to such a lot of which the writer has made vital contributions. The ebook then explains why either compounds are particular from others with comparable crystal constitution and even if you can increase Tc, which in flip provides a touch at the unresolved pairing mechanism. this can be an extraordinary new method of the matter of high-temperature superconductivity and hence can be inspiring to either experts and non-specialists attracted to this box.

Readers will obtain in-depth info at the prior, current, and way forward for high-temperature superconductors, besides precise, up to date info on what the true optimum Tc values are and especially at the danger of improving Tc for every member fabric, that is very important for program. at the present, the top Tc has no longer been more advantageous for two decades, and no new superconductors were came across for five years. This booklet will motivate researchers in addition to graduate-course scholars to not quit at the demanding situations sooner or later of high- Tc superconductivity.

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Additional resources for High Temperature Superconductivity: The Road to Higher Critical Temperature

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Sr2CuO3 is a Mott (CT) insulator, whereas LaCuO3 is a good metal with low resistivity as shown in (c) measured for a polycrystalline sample Another interesting case is La2 − xSrxNiO4 near x = 1. This system has the same layer structure as that of LSCO. At x = 1 the formal ionic state of Ni is Ni3 + with 3d7 filling. Ni3 + state has two spin states, S = 3/2 high-spin state and S = 1/2 low-spin state. From the measurement of magnetic susceptibility the low-spin S = 1/2 with localized spin only on the 3d x2 - y 2 orbital is more likely in LaSrNiO4.

The Néel order sets on at T = TN (~ 300 K for the parent compound) in a second order phase transition. This phase is essentially Mott insulating and the insulating gap is a Cu3d–O2p charge-transfer (CT) gap, not arising from the AF order. 08) This region is called as “heavily underdoped region”. The long-range AF order is fragile against doping and temperature due to thermal and quantum mechanical fluctuations. After the commensurate Néel order collapses upon doping holes, spin order (SO) persists as an incommensurate spin order (or spin-density-wave (SDW) order).

The gap magnitudes in both inner (IP) and outer planes (OP) (shown in b) are plotted as a function of momentum starting from the nodes toward antinodes. They are enormously enhanced as compared to the values for the bilayer Bi2212 with nearly the same doping levels is why Tc decreases for n larger than 4. This certainly arises from the charge imbalance, difference in the hole density between outer CuO2 planes (OP) and inner planes (IP) [66]. The hole density in IPs tends to be smaller as they have no apical-O atoms and are sandwiched on both sides by Ca2 + layers, making an electro-positive circumstance for holes to enter.

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