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By Martin G. Richards

Ken Livingstone used to be elected Mayor of London on a platform that integrated a congestion cost for important London, a coverage that grew to become fact on 17 February 2003. Richards makes use of his event as Director of a bliog?2.5 million govt congestion charging learn, as a type of who created the scheme Livingstone followed and as consultant to the London meeting, to supply a serious checklist of the advent of the London Congestion cost, and of its implications for congestion charging in different places.

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Extra info for Congestion Charging in London: The Policy and the Politics

Sample text

Why Charge? 15 The wider rationale Although the original rationale was based on economic theory, the argument over recent years has broadened. First, there is the environmental rationale that those who contribute to environmental damage should pay an ‘economic’ price: the principle of ‘polluter pays’. It is suggested that as vehicles are a key source of some of the more polluting emissions, including nitrogen oxides and small particulates, as well as (in a global context) carbon dioxide, users should pay an emissions charge, which should reflect the severity of the impact.

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Department of the Environment (1976b). A Study of Some Methods of Traffic Restraint, Research Report 14, London: Department of the Environment. DETR (2000). Transport 2010, The 10 Year Plan, London: Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions. DfT (2003). Managing our Roads, London: Department for Transport. Downs, Anthony (2004). Still Stuck in Traffic, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press. Why Charge? 25 DTLR (2001). Key Transport Facts 1980–1999, London: Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions.

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