Download Changing Lanes: Visions and Histories of Urban Freeways by Joseph F. C. DiMento, Cliff Ellis PDF

By Joseph F. C. DiMento, Cliff Ellis

City freeways usually minimize in the course of the center of a urban, destroying neighborhoods, displacing citizens, and reconfiguring highway maps. those great infrastructure initiatives, costing billions of greenbacks in transportation cash, were formed for the final part century via the tips of road engineers, city planners, panorama architects, and designers -- with road engineers taking part in the major function. In altering Lanes, Joseph DiMento and Cliff Ellis describe the evolution of the city highway within the usa, from its rural throughway precursors in the course of the building of the interstate road method to rising choices for extra sustainable city transportation.

DiMento and Ellis describe controversies that arose over city highway building, concentrating on 3 circumstances: Syracuse, which early on embraced freeways via its heart; la, which rejected a few routes after which outfitted I-105, the most costly city highway of its time; and Memphis, which blocked the development of I-40 via its center. eventually, they think about the rising city road removing flow and different cutting edge efforts by way of towns to re-envision city transportation.

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Additional info for Changing Lanes: Visions and Histories of Urban Freeways (Urban and Industrial Environments)

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19 But Bartholomew, unlike many of his colleagues, insisted that planners must attack the problem of central city decay rather than retreating to the suburbs. ”20 Bartholomew’s call to stem further decay of neglected gray areas was timely, but planners’ prescriptions often reflected their dislike of old urban districts and penchant for clean-sweep remedies. For example, in 1933 the Detroit City Planning Commission proposed the clearance of a large slum area and its replacement with uniform, geometrically arranged apartment blocks.

Certainly, that would have done little for their legitimation as a “science” of urban change. More commonly, the professional imperative was to transform these areas to fit middle-class norms of order and social propriety. In addition to their tenuous hold on a professional market niche, city planners’ diffuse goals and methods put their profession at a disadvantage in competition with single-purpose highway bureaucracies and skillful public entrepreneurs for control over the city-shaping initiatives of the public sector.

13 Stein’s colleague in the Regional Planning Association of America, Benton MacKaye, had developed his “Townless Highway” concept during the late 1920s. 14 New towns would decant population from the urban core, lessening the need for elaborate freeway networks through the central city. 16 In 1930, John Ihlder pointed out that “City planning heretofore has given most attention to the development of new areas. ”17 28 Chapter 2 In 1932, Harland Bartholomew declared that “The average American city is about the most wasteful of all the creations of man.

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