Download A History of Malaysia by Barbara Watson Andaya, Leonard Y. Andaya PDF

By Barbara Watson Andaya, Leonard Y. Andaya

This fresh variation of A historical past of Malaysia brings the tale of this attention-grabbing nation brand new, incorporating the most recent scholarship on each interval of Malaysian historical past. a brand new bankruptcy presents insights into Malaysian heritage of the final 15 years, together with the transforming into effect of the web and social media within the political sphere. clean research of Islam's historic function within the Malay global and the way it hyperlinks with the starting to be Islamization of Malaysia this present day makes this a well timed study.

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But those harbours in the Melaka Straits area had a dis- 18 A HISTORY OF MALAYSIA tinct advantage because of their geographical position at the 'end of the monsoons', where all ships had to await the change of winds to continue further or return homeward. Unlike the west coast of Borneo, which was somewhat isolated from the main maritime routes, the Melaka Straits was 'a gullet ... 9 Moreover, the Straits provided a refuge from the buffeting of the greater oceans beyond. Along the east coast of the peninsula, the seas were unnavigable during the northeast monsoon, but the Straits were so sheltered that they were frequently compared to an inland lake.

Another reason behind Srivijaya's dominance was the ability to maintain a supply of local products for its own market as well as the China trade. Not only was it easily accessible by river from jungle areas in Sumatra and the peninsula, but it also had under its jurisdiction the Riau-Lingga archipelago and the nearby coastal mangroves. In the estuary of the Musi River, which probably remained the Srivijayan port until the eleventh century, one can visualize the dugouts loaded with nipa mats, tortoiseshell, beeswax and aromatic woods for which the country was justifiably renowned.

Within the court the king himself would have been expected to carry out his administrative duties, and Chinese envoys specifically recorded that the ruler of Tan-tan held audience twice a day. With the treasury under royal control, the king could both reward the powerful families in the kingdom and keep them in check. As in later Melaka, one of the means of achieving this was to limit the display of wealth. In Ch'ih-t'u, the Sui envoys noted, although the great clans were largely independent of the ruler's authority, they were permitted to wear gold lockets only at his discretion.

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