By Bernard Reich
;A short historical past of Israel КНИГИ ; ИСТОРИЯ Название: a short heritage of Israel Автор: коллективИздательство:Checkmark BooksГод: 2008ISBN: 0816071276Страниц: 382 pagesЯзык: английскийФормат: PDFРазмер: 26,5 MB This e-book bargains an up to date examine Israel’s tumultuous background. It narrates the complicated story of Israel’s humans and their sleek country, demonstrated hundreds of thousands of years after the destruction of the previous one, opposed to the backdrop of exile, anti-Semitism, Zionism, and the Holocaust.”A short heritage of Israel, moment version” explores Israel’s heritage with an emphasis at the interval considering that its independence in 1948. The chronological narration starts off with the time of Abraham and the interval of the Israelite kingdoms and keeps to global warfare II and the United countries Partition Plan. This complete reference then examines the self sufficient state of Israel, together with the Arab – Israeli clash, family politics, Knesset election effects, the economic system, and diplomacy. thoroughly up to date, this moment variation encompasses a new preface, a revised creation, a revised word list of political events, a brand new ultimate bankruptcy, and up-to-date appendixes.Its insurance contains: The interval considering that Israel’s independence in 1948; the center East peace technique; financial and political demanding situations; Israel’s withdrawal from the Gaza Strip; The production of the hot Kadima occasion and the election of 2006; and, Hamas’s election victory and its impact on Israel. .com eighty five
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Extra resources for A Brief History of Israel
Initially, the kibbutzim focused on working the land and became known for their crops, poultry, orchards, and dairy farming. As modern, especially automated, techniques were introduced and as land and water became less avail- from Russia, strongly influenced the community’s character and structure. These pioneers laid the foundations of a comprehensive social and economic infrastructure, developed agriculture, established kibbutzim (communal settlements) and moshavim (cooperative settlements), and provided the labor for the construction of housing and roads.
The first kibbutz had its origins in the founding, in December 1909, of an experimental collective settlement in the Jordan River Valley near the Sea of Galilee. The kibbutz soon came to symbolize the pioneering spirit of Israel and even became synonymous with Israeli society although it never represented more than a small proportion of Israel’s population. ” The kibbutz is a socialist experiment: a voluntary grouping of individuals who hold property in common and have their needs satisfied by the commune.
By the end of the Middle Ages, its urban centers were virtually in ruins, most of Jerusalem was abandoned, and the small Jewish community was poverty stricken. In 1516, the Ottoman Turks, under Sultan Selim I, routed the Mamluks and inaugurated four centuries of Ottoman rule over the area. Ottoman rule varied over the centuries with links to other portions of the empire, most notably to Damascus until about 1830, and during these centuries, the region was significantly insulated from outside influences and international issues.