Download The Shoshoni Frontier and the Bear River Massacre by Brigham D. Madsen PDF

By Brigham D. Madsen

In January 1863 over 2 hundred Shoshoni males, girls, and kids died at the banks of the endure River by the hands of volunteer infantrymen from California. undergo River was once one of many greatest Indian massacres within the Trans-Mississippi West, but the bloodbath has long gone nearly omitted because it happened in the course of a time whilst nationwide recognition was once considering the Civil conflict, and the deaths of the Shoshoni Indians in a distant nook of the West was once of in basic terms passing interest.  endure River used to be the end result of occasions from approximately 20 years of Indian-white interplay. The Shoshoni homelands encompassed an enormous expanse of territory and have been traversed by way of the most paths of western trip, forcing Indian-white encounters. at first pleasant and accommodating to white tourists within the 1840s, by way of the past due 1850s resentment soared one of the Indians as they have been killed and their nutrients shares have been fed on via emigrants and their farm animals. the method of white appropriation of Indian lands reached drawback proportions within the a ways West and nice Basin sooner than it did at the nice Plains. within the historiography of western Indians, few have preferred the position of tribes inhabiting the areas of alongside the Oregon and California Trails. Madsen makes a compelling argument that precedents have been validated that have been time and again on next western Indian frontiers, providing a brand new view of early encounters within the Trans-Mississippi West. This designated narrative of the occasions and conflicts that culminated within the bloodbath continues to be the definitive account of this bloody bankruptcy in United States-Native American relations.

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Sample text

Page 12 Even today, except for a few scholars and a few knowledgeable attorneys concerned with aboriginal land claims, many people still throw up their hands in dismay and talk about a general population of Shoshoni Indians with little appreciation for their differences and the geographical boundaries of their tribal homelands.  Emigrants along the trails and Mormon farmers in the Great Basin quickly destroyed what had once been a mostly comfortable existence. "14 All three diary entries were typical incidental comments by casual observers.

Page 12 Even today, except for a few scholars and a few knowledgeable attorneys concerned with aboriginal land claims, many people still throw up their hands in dismay and talk about a general population of Shoshoni Indians with little appreciation for their differences and the geographical boundaries of their tribal homelands.  Emigrants along the trails and Mormon farmers in the Great Basin quickly destroyed what had once been a mostly comfortable existence. "14 All three diary entries were typical incidental comments by casual observers.

This seems a somewhat grisly way of assigning importance to a historical incident, but it is difficult to come up with either a more precise or compelling criterion. 43 These three are typical of the general histories.  The very fact that Utah historians, with few exceptions, have continued to call this encounter a battle rather than a massacre may have some significance in this respect.  Of course, if army troops were killed by "savage" Indians, as in "Custer's Last Stand" of 1876, there was little reluctance in reporting it as a massacre.

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