Download Thailand Condensed: 2000 Years of History & Culture by Ellen London PDF

By Ellen London

The single Southeast Asian state by no means to were colonized through a ecu energy, Thailand is a rustic wealthy with background. Thailand Condensed presents readers with an summary of key occasions within the nation?’s earlier in addition to the cultural touchstones of its current. From elephants, tuks tuks, and silk to the realities of contemporary existence, Thailand Condensed is loaded with nuggets of data, all offered in a single quantity for the reader?’s ease of reference.

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The Judgements of King Mangrai”, laws instituted during his reign, are still considered practical and compassionate today. Mangrai died in 1317, reputedly struck by lightning. Although few, if any, of the later rulers in his dynasty proved as competent and powerful as Mangrai, the kingdom of Lan Na remained an influential and independent political power until it was conquered by Burma in the 16th century. 32 THREE KINGS Tai diplomacy sometimes managed to avert war. Mangrai of Lan Na originally planned to take the kingdom of Phayao (to the southeast) by force, but instead he struck up a friendship of mutual benefit with the ruler of Phayao, Ngam Muang.

The Thai people, seeing Phibun as a Japanese sympathiser, had little confidence in him. Resistance 47 HISTORY groups in the United States, Britain and Thailand joined forces as the Free Thai to conduct raids against the Japanese. They succeeded in infiltrating the government and, in 1944, Phibun was forced to resign. Khuang Aphaiwong was appointed prime minister (1944–1946). Khuang was a member of the Khmer family that had ruled western Cambodia since the 18th century. When his homeland was taken over by the French in 1907, Khuang had moved to Thailand.

A “flower” coin of higher-quality silver was also made, featuring decorations of flowers on one side and indentations on the other. Bracelet-shaped money—too small for the wrist but thought to be derived from larger originals worn like bracelets for safekeeping— was probably made by private merchants. In Sukhothai and Ayutthaya, bullet coins were used—silver currency moulded into a circular “cowry shell” shape similar to that of a signet ring. Each coin had a different weight, and this determined their value.

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