Download Socioeconomic and Environmental Impacts of Biofuels: by Alexandros Gasparatos, Per Stromberg PDF

By Alexandros Gasparatos, Per Stromberg

Biofuels are presently in the midst of a heated educational and public coverage debate. Biofuel creation has elevated fivefold long ago decade and is predicted to extra double by way of 2020. so much of this enlargement will take place in constructing international locations. This quantity is the 1st of its variety, supplying a finished evaluation of the biofuel debate in constructing international locations. The chapters are written by way of a multidisciplinary staff of specialists, exposing the main drivers and affects of biofuel creation and use. The publication covers affects as diversified as pollution, biodiversity loss, deforestation, strength safety, foodstuff safeguard, greenhouse gasoline emissions, land use switch, rural improvement, water intake, and different socioeconomic matters. Its large concentration contains examples from international locations in Africa, the United States, and Asia. As such, this publication turns into an fundamental significant other to lecturers, practitioners, and coverage makers who desire to comprehend extra approximately biofuel matters within the constructing global.

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An interesting example is the case of the bioethanol industry in Pakistan, which, benefiting from special trade arrangements, was, by 2005, the second largest foreign supplier of bioethanol to the European Union (behind Brazil). , 2010). 6. , 2008). While subsidized biofuel programs may generate employment and income, it is not obvious to what extent they contribute to net public welfare in general and rural development in particular, especially when compared with other means of poverty alleviation and employment creation.

2010). Another source of complexity in assessing the welfare effect of biofuel expansion is that the negative effects of biofuel production on human welfare might not be proportional between genders. Araujo and Quesada-Aguilar (2007) make the case that biofuel initiatives have the potential to benefit women. If gender considerations are left out when planning biofuel policies, the livelihoods of women and their families might be threatened. Rossi and Lambrou (2008) discuss potential risks of first-generation biofuel expansion in developing regions, explaining that in several cases, these risks are gender differentiated, with women being more likely to face the negative socioeconomic and environmental impacts.

4. Market-oriented smallholders: Negotiation power and risk exposure A fact that is not always acknowledged in government expansion programs and seed company campaigns that target smallholders is that shifting to biofuel feedstock production can be a risky endeavor for smallholders. 3. , lower access to information, including information about prices in national and international commodity markets), which essentially restrict their market access and market power. , 2009). The Brazilian sugarcane sector is notorious for the concentration of wealth and power in the hands of a few actors who manage to control much of the economic rents from biofuel feedstock production (see Chapters 6 and 7).

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