Download Shadow: Five Presidents and the Legacy Of Watergate by Bob Woodward PDF

By Bob Woodward

EPUB eISBN: 978-0-6848-6922-3
Original ebook: 1999
Electronic booklet (with paperback): 2005

Twenty-five years in the past, after Richard Nixon resigned the presidency, Gerald Ford promised a go back to normalcy. "My fellow americans, our lengthy nationwide nightmare is over," President Ford declared.

however it was once no longer. The Watergate scandal, and the treatments opposed to destiny abuses of energy, may have an everlasting influence on presidents and the rustic. In Shadow, Bob Woodward takes us deep into the administrations of Ford, Carter, Reagan, Bush and Clinton to explain how every one chanced on that the presidency used to be endlessly altered. With targeted emphasis at the human toll, Woodward indicates the results of the recent ethics legislation, and the emboldened Congress and media. strong investigations more and more stripped away the privateness and protections as soon as anticipated by way of the nation's leader executive.

utilizing presidential records, diaries, prosecutorial documents and hundreds of thousands of interviews with firsthand witnesses, Woodward chronicles how all 5 males failed first to appreciate after which to control the inquisitorial environment.

"The temper used to be mean," Gerald Ford says. Woodward explains how Ford believed he were provided a deal to pardon Nixon, then clumsily rejected it and later withheld all of the info from Congress and the general public, leaving lasting suspicions that compromised his years within the White House.

Jimmy Carter used Watergate to win an election, after which watched in bewilderment because the ideas of strict responsibility engulfed his finances director, Bert Lance, and challenged his personal credibility. From his public pronouncements to the Iranian hostage predicament, Carter by no means chanced on the decisive, therapeutic type of management the 1st elected post-Watergate president had promised.

Woodward additionally presents the 1st behind-the-scenes account of ways President Reagan and a distinct crew of greater than 60 lawyers and archivists beat Iran-contra. They grew to become the Reagan White residence and usa intelligence organizations the other way up investigating the president with orders to reveal any incriminating info they discovered. A clean portrait of an engaged Reagan emerges as he realizes his presidency is in danger and makes an attempt to end up his innocence.

In Shadow, a sour and disoriented President Bush commonly pours out his anger on the everlasting scandal tradition to his own diary as a dozen investigations contact a few of these closest to him. At one aspect, Bush kilos a plastic mallet on his Oval workplace table as a result of the carrying on with research of Iran-contra self sufficient assistance Lawrence Walsh. "Take that, Walsh!" he shouts. "I'd prefer to put off this guy." Woodward additionally finds why Bush shunned telling one of many ultimate secrets and techniques of the Gulf War.

the second one half Shadow specializes in President Clinton's scandals. Woodward exhibits how and why autonomous information Kenneth Starr's research grew to become a country of everlasting warfare with the Clintons. He unearths who Clinton rather feared within the Paula Jones case, and the behind-the-scenes maneuvering and ruthless, cynical criminal suggestions to guard the Clintons. Shadow additionally describes how impeachment affected Clinton's battle judgements and scarred his existence, his marriage and his presidency. "How am i able to pass on?" First woman Hillary Clinton requested in 1996, while she used to be below scrutiny through Starr and the media, years ahead of the Lewinsky scandal broke. "How can I?"

Shadow is an authoritative, unsettling narrative of the fashionable, beleaguered presidency.

About the Author-
Bob Woodward is an affiliate editor on the Washington put up, the place he has labored for 41 years. He has shared in Pulitzer Prizes, first for The Washington Post's assurance of the Watergate scandal, and later for insurance of the Sept. 11 terrorist assaults. He has authored or coauthored twelve number one nationwide nonfiction bestsellers. He has daughters, Tali and Diana, and lives in Washington, DC, together with his spouse, author Elsa Walsh.

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Additional resources for Shadow: Five Presidents and the Legacy Of Watergate

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1 » Ibid. BRITISH EMPIRICISM 32 produces, or can produce, well-developed human beings'. 1 But he makes it clear that individual self-development does not mean for him a surrender to any impulses which the individual is inclined to follow, but rather the individual fulfilment of the ideal of harmonious integration of all one's powers. It is not a question of sheer eccentricity, but of unity in diversity. Hence there must be a standard of excellence; and this is not fully worked out. The relevant point in the present context, however, is not Mill's failure to elaborate a theory of human nature.

James Mill died on June 23rd, 1836, a champion of Benthamism to the last. He was not perhaps a particularly attractive figure. A man of vigorous though somewhat narrow intellect, he was extremely reserved and apparently devoid of any poetic sensibility, while for passionate emotions and for sentiment he had little use. His son remarks that though James Mill upheld an Epicurean ethical theory (Bentham's hedonism), he was personally a Stoic and combined Stoic qualities with a Cynic's disregard for pleasure.

S. Mill remarks that 'to reflect on any of our feelings or mental acts is more properly identified with attending to the feeling than (as stated in the text) with merely having it'. 8 And this seems to be true. But James Mill is so obstinately determined to explain the whole mental life in terms of the association of primitive elements reached by reductive analysis that he has to explain away those factors in consciousness to which it is difficult to apply such treatment. In other words, empiricism can manifest its own form of dogmatism.

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