Download On the Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations by Raymond J. H. Beverton, Sidney J. Holt PDF

By Raymond J. H. Beverton, Sidney J. Holt

Among the fishes, a remarkably wide selection of organic variations to assorted habitats has developed. in addition to residing within the traditional habitats of lakes, ponds, rivers, rock swimming pools and the open sea, fish have solved the issues of existence in deserts, within the deep sea, within the chilly antarctic, and in hot waters of excessive alkalinity or of low oxygen. besides those variations, we discover the main notable specializations of morphology, body structure and behavior. for instance we will be able to surprise on the high-speed swimming of the marlins, sailfish and warm-blooded tunas, air-breathing in catfish and lungfish, parental care within the mouth-brooding cichlids, and viviparity in lots of sharks and toothcarps. additionally, fish are of substantial significance to the survival of the human species within the type of nutritious, scrumptious and various nutrition. Rational exploitation and administration of our international shares of fishes needs to depend upon a close and distinct perception in their biology. The Chapman & corridor Fish and Fisheries sequence goals to give well timed volumes reviewing vital facets of fish biology. such a lot volumes can be of curiosity to analyze staff in biology, zoology, ecology and body structure yet an extra goal is for the books to be obtainable to a large spectrum of non-specialist readers starting from undergraduates and postgraduates to these with an curiosity in commercial and advertisement features of fish and fisheries.

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Extra info for On the Dynamics of Exploited Fish Populations

Example text

From the economic aspect it is necessary to know the catch per unit effort, and, probably, the mean weight of fish in the catch, while the analysis of situations in which factors such as natural mortality and growth vary with the population density (discussed in Part II of this paper) requires expressions giving the numbers and biomass of the population. Finally, when the behaviour of population models comes to be tested by observation or experiment, or they are used as an adjunct to fishery management, it is of help to obtain from the models predicted values of certain quantities such as the mean length and mean age of fish in the catch, which are directly estimated from samples.

1), that is, it refers to the 'density-independent' component of mortality, whereas the term ""2(t) can be regarded as referring to the 'interaction' between individuals of the population. We have previously mentioned that one of the characteristics of mortality during the early life of fish is that it varies enormously with age, so that we could not expect the coefficients ""1 and ""2 to remain even approximately constant during the pre-recruit phase. For example, it may well be that ""2 is virtually negligible except at certain critical stages.

Owing to the tendency for young larvae to be concentrated in a relatively small area as the result of aggregation of the spawning adults, it is highly probable that the food supply to each is influenced by the number of other larvae in the immediate vicinity, thus producing a mechanism whereby the density of larvae can affect their mortality rate. 1), that is, it refers to the 'density-independent' component of mortality, whereas the term ""2(t) can be regarded as referring to the 'interaction' between individuals of the population.

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