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By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The unconventional transformation that Spanish rural parts have skilled long ago few many years recommend, because it has happened in lots of OECD international locations, a brand new method of rural coverage. Spain has lately undertaken an enormous reform of its rural guidelines, together with the merger of the Ministry of Agriculture with the Ministry of our environment and the lately licensed legislation on Sustainable improvement of Rural components. This new framework creates a multi-sectoral and place-based rural coverage of country, making Spain greater built to deal with the demanding situations and possibilities of rural components. This file undertaken even as the reforms have been being applied will curiosity either coverage makers engaged in comparable reform strategies and others engaged on concerns such the political financial system of reforms, rural tourism, renewable energies, rural clusters, improvement of peri-urban parts and public provider supply in distant rural components. desk of content material : record of Acronyms overview and proposals bankruptcy 1. Profile of Rural Spain -Key issues -Introduction -What is ""Rural"" Spain? -What is going on in Rural components? --Population and Migration --Social overall healthiness and fairness --Economic constitution and function --Environment and Sustainability -Conclusion -Annex 1.A1. extra Figures on what's Rural in Spain -Annex 1.A2. technique for the Decomposition of GDP development -Annex 1.A3. method for picking out and Mapping business Districts -Annex 1.A4. Regression at the impression of growing old on monetary progress bankruptcy 2. Rural coverage in Spain: Institutional and Governance matters -Key issues -Introduction -Evolution of Rural coverage in Spain -Rural coverage in a slender feel: european Programmes and the chief strategy -Rural coverage in a wide experience: the recent legislations on Sustainable improvement in Rural components -Conclusion -Annex 2.A1. comparability of EC directions and the Spanish Strategic Plan -Annex 2.A2. monetary Breakdown of Rural improvement charges 2007-2013 bankruptcy three. in the direction of a brand new degree in Spain's Rural coverage -Key issues -Introduction -Dealing with Depopulation, ageing, and Social demanding situations in Rural parts -Diversifying and Fostering the Competitiveness of Rural Spain -Fostering Rural-Urban Linkages and Balanced improvement of Peri-Urban Rural components -Addressing Environmental issues and selling Sustainable improvement Bibliography

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Extra resources for OECD Rural Policy Reviews OECD Rural Policy Reviews: Spain 2009

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In general, the living conditions of the rural population are more modest than those of the population living in urban areas, but it is also true that many statistical instruments often do not fully capture returns from informal economic activities and the auto-consumption of self-produced food products, which is common in much of rural Spain. In any case, the incidence of relative poverty in these municipalities has diminished since 1998, in contrast with the national average which has remained relatively constant.

It is commendable how most rural communities in Spain have been able to accommodate such profound population changes without major social conflicts. 2. Social well-being and equity Rural areas face significant social and equity challenges… The development pattern of Spain shows an important urban-rural polarisation. Pereira et al. (2004) in their diagnosis of rural Spain based on information from the censuses (the last of which was in 2001) identify a number of comarcas (counties) which constitute the axes of development in Spain.

On the opposite side of the educational spectrum, urban municipalities had 50% of population with at least secondary education and 17% with tertiary (university) education. For rural municipalities, the corresponding figures were 38% and 7%. Nevertheless, the performance of rural students in international evaluations is remarkably similar to that of urban students. In most OECD countries the performance of students in the OECD PISA6 evaluation shows a significant gap between rural and urban students.

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