By Frank Gouldsmith Speck, Alexander General
In the course of his final years ethnohistorian Frank G. Speck grew to become to the learn of Iroquois ceremonialism. This 1950 e-book investigates the spiritual rites of the Cayuga tribe, one in all six within the Iroquois confederation that occupied upstate big apple until eventually the yankee Revolution. within the Nineteen Thirties and the Forties Frank Speck saw the Midwinter rite, the Cayuga thanksgiving for the advantages of existence and wellbeing and fitness, played in lengthy homes at the Six international locations Reserve in Ontario. Collaborating with Alexander normal (Desk?heh), the famous Cayuga leader, Speck describes vividly the rites and dances giving due to all non secular entities. Of distinct curiosity are the drugs societies that not just prescribed herbs yet used powerfully evocative mask in treating the underlying explanations of sickness. In a brand new advent, William N. Fenton discusses Speck’s distinct profession.
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But Speck soon demurred that I had come by appointment and suggested that we four go for lunch. Swanton begged off and departed, leaving three of us to cross Woodland Avenue to "the Greek's" where Speck greeted the proprietor in modern Greek. The food was not memorable, but the conversation made up for it. I had been preparing for fieldwork by reviewing F. W. Waugh's ethnobotanical notes that Sapir obtained from Ottawa. I showed Speck how I proprosed to organize them, and he brought in Gladys Tantaquidgeon, whose research on Delaware medicines was quite advanced.
Family Condolence Rite of the Sour Springs Band 159 Final Thoughts and Comments in Retrospect 164 Appendix I 174 Appendix II 185 Bibliography 186 Index 189 Page xvii LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Robert Riggs Frontispiece 1. Floor Plan of the Sour Springs Cayuga Long House 21 2. Cayuga Chief's Headdress 25 3. Moiety emblems on Stirring Paddles used in Cayuga Stirring Ashes Rite 53 4. Corn-husk Sprinkler 66 5. Cayuga Mortar and Pestle 79 6. Miniature wooden Masks used in Dream Guessing Rite 82 7. Miniature Cayuga wooden Masks used in Dream Guessing Rite 84 8.
15). Each Long House is, furthermore, represented in the scheme of the League and in the periodic meetings of the Handsome Lake religious sect by a strand of wampum. The wampum symbol for the Sour Springs Long House is a bunch of two or three white strings about two feet in length. " 5 The attitude of the Cayuga toward the Long House can scarcely be called a sacred one in the sense that we discern it among the Delawares, whose comparison with the Cayuga is constantly being borne in mind. Nevertheless, the Long House precincts are held in a definitely respected esteem.