Download Medical Error and Patient Safety: Human Factors in Medicine by George A. Peters PDF

By George A. Peters

A tough and recalcitrant phenomenon, clinical errors motives pervasive and costly difficulties by way of sufferer damage, useless remedy, and emerging healthcare bills. uncomplicated heightened understanding might help, however it calls for prepared, potent treatments and countermeasures which are average, appropriate, and adaptable to work out a very major drop within the insupportable cost of clinical error. purely with higher figuring out, wisdom, and directed suggestions can there be speedy and marked development in clinical mistakes administration self-discipline. for the reason that clinical errors is scenario particular and contains different variables in gear, atmosphere, and human functionality, the right kind selection of preventive and corrective strategies is important. delivering a wealth of worthwhile principles, ideas, and strategies, clinical mistakes and sufferer security: Human components in Medicine uses overseas viewpoint to offer greater than 500 treatments that may be utilized and adapted on your specified situations. This special overview of such a lot of measures permits you to competently establish wishes and adopt applicable activities to accomplish a hit that may be measured in kept away from accidents, greater healthcare, and decreased rate.   inspiration scary and important, this e-book considers the opportunity of blunders and the chance for development in each element of healthcare. After an creation to common techniques and ways, it examines vulnerabilities in clinical providers, together with emergency companies, healthcare amenities, and an infection regulate. It covers hazards in clinical units and product layout; human components corresponding to fatigue and rigidity; administration blunders; mistakes in conversation in any respect degrees of the healthcare hierarchy; in addition to error in drug supply together with defective labels and warnings. The authors additionally evaluate and distinction a number of analytical tools, their interpretation, and their translation right into a course of action.

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Sample text

Insurance companies have similar cautions, intended as a liability prevention measure, to reduce uninformed utterances at the time of an accident. The difference is that the flight attendant’s job depends on the exercise of bias. Intentional Bias There may be a conscious, purposeful, express, and deliberate effort to bias, slant, or falsify information. This intentional bias may be related to unnecessary surgery, inserting fabricated data into a research result, or simply telling a patient that further treatment and examinations are necessary when good prudent statements could reduce health care costs to the patient.

Drug sales representatives often attempt to create a bias for their products by gifts, lecture fees, or other monetary inducements. Conflicts may produce misleading opinions, result in biased research protocols, and create serious ethical issues. Institutional review boards generally neglect conflicts created by grant funding of independent scientific research because the grants further the interests of the institution. The assumption is that conflicts of interest may produce a bias that should be disclosed, and that failure to disclose a possible bias may be indicative of a propensity to conceal other facts, such as medical errors.

Indd 32 9/28/2007 1:46:47 PM Chapter 3: Medical Services 33 of flaps. There may be distractions, lack of communication between members of the flight crew, and other error-producing situations. Errors and resultant defects constitute more than 45% of all manufacturing problems (Price 2005). The errors may be associated with lapses of concentration during extended uneventful vigilance, operations outside the normal envelope, miscues during transient conditions, and lack of proper procedural sequencing if there are poorly defined procedures.

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