Download Jewish Funerary Customs, Practices And Rites In The Second by Rachel Hachlili PDF

By Rachel Hachlili

Learn of burials constitutes one of many major trustworthy assets of knowledge on the topic of a variety of facets of funerary practices and rituals, and provides a conception of historic social existence and group association. the fabric continues to be of mortuary rituals is efficacious in reconstructing the heritage of a society, its non secular ideals and its social outlook. Tombs supply plentiful information at the inventive flavor evinced by means of funerary structure and the ornamentation of receptacles and gadgets. adjustments in Jewish funerary practices didn't modify the plan and structure of the tombs. notwithstanding the funerary rites replaced from inhumation in coffins and loculi to secondary burial by means of amassing bones in ossuaries the artifacts linked to those graves didn't adjust a lot and point out that those have been culturally and socially exact humans. The learn outlines the cloth preserved within the historic Jewish cemeteries of the second one Temple interval (first century BCE to first century CE) at Jerusalem, Jericho, 'En Gedi, Qumran and a few different tomb websites. This quantity is meant to supply a entire and instructive learn of Jewish funerary customs, practices, and rituals when it comes to demise, burial and mourning, in addition to addressing the that means of Jewish funerary artwork and culture.

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Extra info for Jewish Funerary Customs, Practices And Rites In The Second Temple Period (Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism)

Example text

Magen and Eshel (1999: 328–335) maintain that their excavation points to the possibility that community members might have resided in the artificial caves dug in the marl terrace. They estimate that about twenty to forty artificial 18 chapter one caves existed around in the Qumran settlement environs. These caves might have been occupied by one or more residents, which will also confirm the estimate of 150–200 inhabitants. The pottery found in these caves proves they were occupied during the first century bce and the first century ce.

Jericho Tombs Hills A B Excavated tombs Robbed, surveyed tombs Unexcavated tombs TOTAL 3 3 2 1 7 2 4 Other tombs 1 One-kokh tombs 2 Type I tombs, burial in coffins Type II tombs, bone collection Type III tombs, burial 3 in ossuaries C D 32 21 2 32 4 27 1 8 14 5 3 2 32 2 E F G H Total 4 3 4 5 1 35 45 12 12 7 9 4 5 23 103 3 1 6 2 22 14 2 5 1 40 Most of the tombs were not exposed before the excavation, but the tombs on Hills C and H and on the lower levels of Hills G and F were discovered and robbed over the centuries (Figure I–3).

Such topics are a description of the cemeteries, funerary architecture, inscriptions, interment receptacles and their ornamentation, assorted aspects of family tombs, the status of women in funerary relations, and more. Together, these subjects create what I hope is a conclusive case for the existence of distinctive Jewish burial customs and rites in Second Temple period. A comprehensive and illuminating interpretation of burial customs and rites is presented, and an overview of funerary art and insights into the social life of the Jews in the Second Temple period.

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