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By Charlie Karlsson, Borje Johansson, Roger R. Stough

This booklet offers a state of the art evaluate of present examine on nearby festival and co-operation. constructing our present figuring out of the hot function of areas and their behaviour, this booklet addresses questions akin to: How and why do areas compete? How does festival among border areas function? Which areas are profitable and which areas fail? What are the results of local pageant when it comes to source allocation, the site of financial actions and the distribution of earning? The ebook illuminates a couple of severe theoretical finish empirical concerns with regards to the aggressive and cooperative nature of areas, in addition to highlighting a couple of new case experiences from a number of international locations. The booklet can be an invaluable enhancement to undergraduate and post-graduate classes in economics, fiscal geography, neighborhood technological know-how, nearby making plans, enterprise management, and foreign and commercial administration. it is going to even be a useful counsel instrument for researchers, specialists and coverage makers in overseas agencies reminiscent of the ecu, the area financial institution and the OECD.

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N 1 fn (dxm1, dxm2,. . . , dxmn) 5 0 3. e. the diversity, is maximized when the total number of establishments in a sector is equally distributed across the industries in the sector: dxmj 5 dxms,4j,s 5 1,. , n 1 fn (dxm1, dxm2,. . . , dxmn) 5 max 4. The entropy is the same if an industry with zero establishments is added to the total set of industries in a sector: fn11 (dxm1, dxm2,. . . , dxmn, 0) 5 fn (dxm1, dxm2,. . . , dxmn) Property (4) implies that the maximum value of entropy differs between municipalities with a different amount of industries within a sector.

20) Regional interaction and economic diversity 31 where dxmj represents industry j’s share of the total number of establishments in sector x in municipality m. 20), n is the total amount of industries in sector m. 20) is the standard mathematical formula for the entropy. f. Tsaganea, 2002; Attaran and Zwick, 1989): 1. It is non-negative: fn (dxm1, dxm2,. . . , dxmn) $ 0 2. If all the establishments in a sector are concentrated in one industry, the entropy is 0, indicating zero diversity: dxmj 5 1, dxms 5 0, (s 2 j) ,s 5 1,.

Klaesson and M. Olsson (2003b), ‘Commuters’ non-linear response to time distances’, Journal of Geographical Systems, 5, 315–29. R. (1980), ‘Scale economies, product differentiation and the pattern of trade’, American Economic Review, 70, 950–59. R. (1993), ‘On the relationship between trade theory and location theory’, Review of International Economics, 2, 110–22. R. (1996), Rethinking International Trade, Cambridge: The MIT Press. Mushinski, D. and S. Weiler (2002), ‘A note on the geographical interdependencies of retail market areas’, Journal of Regional Science, 42, 75–86.

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