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By Kenneth Philp

A suite of first-hand money owed from people who had top roles in Indian-White kinfolk. A key reference for the trendy American Indian adventure.

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Additional info for Indian Self-Rule: First-Hand Accounts of Indian-White Relations from Roosevelt to Reagan

Example text

And we gained access to plenty of water. Arthur Manning, Shoshone-Paiute leader, former council member on the Duck Valley Reservation Collier's work as Commissioner of Indian Affairs is probably the most impressive achievement in the field of applied anthropology that the discipline of anthropology can claim. Collier reversed a policy of tribal disintegration that had been accepted as a national goal for over one hundred years and established a new political, economic, and social status for America's Indian minority.

Unfortunately, most of this property was submarginal land that had little economic value. During the Second World War, Congress ended the IRA policy of acquiring more land for tribes. This decision and the lack of adequate credit had disastrous economic consequences. By 1945, Indian farm families had a net annual income of $501. This was only slightly better than 1928 when the Institute of Government Research issued its famous report on Indian poverty. Another shortcoming of the IRA was that it failed to solve the problems associated with land allotted before 1933.

The Indians of the United States needed a system that had more integrity and validity in the eyes of the federal government. One need not search very far in the letters in the National Archives from Indian people in 1925 and 1945 to see that there was far more familiarity between the Indians in the field and the bureaucrats in Washington in 1945 than in 1925. We should search to see if the Bureau had a less paternalistic attitude toward the Indians over whom they held great control. In recent years there have been complaints that the Indian Reorganization Act was defective.

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