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By A. Flint

HIV/AIDS in Africa is seriously politicized and governments, coverage makers and NGOs face a chain of political dilemmas the place responses to the matter of HIV/AIDS in Africa is worried. This booklet specializes in the political matters which are linked to the pandemic and the political contexts during which the problem needs to be addressed.

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Extra info for HIV AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: Politics, Aid and Globalization

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That the continent remains mired in the sicknesses of another age is evidenced by the fact that in Africa infectious diseases account for nearly 70 percent of the disease burden. In Europe, they account for less than 20 percent (WHO 2000). 2 Human Development Index (179 Countries) Countries demonstrating ‘High Human Development’ in order of Rank Countries Demonstrating ‘Low Human Development’ in order of Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 Iceland Norway Canada Australia Ireland Netherlands Sweden Japan Luxembourg Switzerland Chad Guinea-Bissau Burundi Burkina Faso Niger Mozambique Liberia Democratic Republic of the Congo Central African Republic Sierra Leone Source: (UNDP 2008) of the above diseases has been concerned; there has been a tendency to view the African incidence of HIV/AIDS in the same way.

However, second-line therapies are between eight and 12 times more expensive than their first-line counterparts and, unless the prices of the former fall dramatically, potentially millions of people may be denied access to lifesaving treatments (MSF 2009). Introduction 17 The determination of the pharmaceutical companies to protect their investments is evident from the sector’s heavy lobbying of the US government and associated influence in shaping American policy on intellectual property rights.

18 HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa There is no doubt that, given that Uganda is one of the few African success stories in the fight against HIV/AIDS, the potential value of transposing the ‘Ugandan model’ should be afforded significant consideration – but consideration must include rigorous analysis of the existing data, much of which currently remains open to interpretation. In many respects, the ‘Ugandan model’ continues to form the basis for ideological battles between those advocating a ‘safer sex’ approach to HIV prevention and those promoting instead a ‘social vaccine’.

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