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By Janos Harmatta, B. N. Puri, G. F. Etemadi

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Extra info for History of Civilizations of Central Asia - Vol. 2: The Development of Sedentary and Nomadic Civilizations : 700 B.C. to A.D. 250

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But the art itself is far from the sum of its borrowed components, as the borrowed forms rapidly lose their original qualities. In other words, while the details of a given image or 56 Media and Achaemenid Iran Fig. 9. Bactrians at Persepolis. ) structure may be known from previous eras or other countries, the image itself is completely new and specifically Achaemenid. C. It may confidently be stated that Zoroaster lived before the Persians conquered Central Asia.

8-15). The canons laid down under Darius I were in no way violated in the later palaces at Persepolis, the architectural decoration of the rock sepulchres of the Persian kings or the carved metalwork of the fifth to fourth centuries, though new motifs and images were added. Persepolis was the home of the imperial Achaemenid style which was to symbolize the might and grandeur of the kingship and that sub¬ sequently spread far afield, creating a form of cultural unity from the Indus to the coasts of Asia Minor.

M. D'yakonov, 1971, p. 142. 10. Gnoli, 1975, pp. 386 et seq. 11. Henning, 1951, pp. ; Gershevitch, 1959, p. 14. 12. Gnoli, 1975, pp. 230-3. C. - the capitals of Sogdiana, Bactria and Margiana, which were some dozens of hectares in area and possessed citadels. , but in all probability no large organized states existed there at that time. C. the Persians captured Babylonia. All the lands to the west as far as the Egyptian border - Syria, Palestine and Phoenicia - voluntarily submitted to Cyrus. This accomplished, Cyrus resolved to secure his north¬ eastern frontiers from invasion by the Massagetae.

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