Download Florida's Indians from Ancient Times to the Present by Jerald T. Milanich PDF

By Jerald T. Milanich

Florida's Indians tells the tale of the local societies that experience lived in Florida for twelve millennia, from the early hunters on the finish of the Ice Age to the trendy Seminole, Miccosukee, and Creek Indians. whilst the 1st Indians arrived in what's now Florida, they wrested their livelihood from a land some distance assorted from the fashionable geographical region, one who was once cooler, drier, and nearly two times the dimensions. millions of years later ecu explorers encountered actually countless numbers of other Indian teams residing in every little thing of the country. (Today each Florida kingdom includes an Indian archaeological site.) the coming of colonists introduced the local peoples a brand new international and nice alterations happened - through the mid-1700s, via battle, slave raids, and particularly epidemics, the inhabitants used to be nearly annihilated. different Indians quickly moved into the kingdom, together with Creeks from Georgia and Alabama, who have been the ancestors of the fashionable Seminole and Miccosukee Indians. Written for a common viewers, this booklet is lavishly illustrated with full-color drawings and images.

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The warmer and wetter conditions had resulted in the appearance of modern vegetation communities. Sea level also had risen nearly to its modern level. The number of people continued to increase, and by the time the first Europeans invaded the land Juan Ponce de León had named La Florida, literally hundreds of different Indian societies lived in every part of the state. One of those groups was the Apalachee Indians, whose home was in the eastern panhandle. Some of the most important Apalachee Indian towns, Page viii including their precolumbian capitals, were in Leon County.

For readers who may want to delve more deeply into the intricacies of archaeological and historical interpretations, I have provided a list of additional readings (and I have listed addresses for two web sites that will provide access to a wealth of on-line information for those using the Internet). On the other hand, I do use a lot of modern place-names. I want to connect the past to the present, to convey that in the very places where we walk, talk, and toil today, Native Americans once did the very same things.

One remnant population known to have survived into the nineteenth century was a small number of Apalachee Indians, who in 1836 were living on the Red River in Louisiana. ResearchersJames Covington in the 1960s and more recently Donald Hunterhave documented the presence of those Red River Apalachee, perhaps the last of the Florida Indians. The few native people taken to Cuba from St. Augustine in 176364 did not survive long in their new setting. Only the Apalachee endured, and they apparently ceased to exist sometime in the nineteenth century.

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