Download Female Offenders and Risk Assessment: Hidden in Plain Sight by Janet T. Davidson PDF

By Janet T. Davidson

Davidson attracts on either quantitative and qualitative analyses to illustrate that there are major contextual variations among the onset and continuation of male and female offending. In flip, this demanding situations the underlying assumptions of hazard and want tests for woman offenders. whereas her learn helps the predictive validity of a known risk/need device (the LSI-R), the result of in-depth interviews with female and male offenders problem the content material validity of this software. even if this tool looks to gender-neutral, the veil of objectivity mask the position, specially, of victimization within the lives of girl offenders and the style during which this impacts their dangers and wishes.

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CHAPTER 2 A Brief History of Risk Management & Gender In Canada, the enthusiasm of the practioners of the craft of risk assessment design borders on the cult. The issues are seen as 'technical'. Conferences are organized to share methodological insights. Notably absent from programmes are persons speaking to issues of ethics, law or systemic implications. The omissions are not mere oversight. – Ronald Price, 1997. Men have egos and women have feelings. – Jimmy, Probationer on Gender Differences.

Foucault (1977) provides perhaps the best description of the beginnings of a science-based criminal justice system, as well as the rationale for such a system. He argues that one of the goals of the criminal justice system, post the public-execution and torture era, was to punish. Indeed, Foucault argues that the criminal justice system set about to punish not for revenge, but to simply punish better, not necessarily less. According to Foucault, the 18th century marked a move from arbitrary punishments toward one in which there was a focus on homogenizing the application of punishment.

2006). 35, only about 12% of the variance in recidivism is really explained. However, the instruments were not designed to explain recidivism. Rather, the purpose, in part, is to predict its occurrence. ” These issues will be explored further in the following section. From a very practical standpoint, the proliferation of actuarial justice, or the use of actuarial risk/need assessment instruments, lies in the efficacy of these probabilistic models (Loader & Sparks, 2002). Indeed, the goal of these actuarial risk/need instruments is to predict, as accurately as possible, an outcome (Gottfredson & Synder, 2005) better than clinical judgment alone (Gottfredson, 1987).

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