By Lewis H. Mates, Douglas J. Davies
The "Encyclopedia of Cremation" is the 1st significant reference source considering cremation. Spanning many international cultures it files neighborhood histories, ideological hobbies and major contributors that fostered cremation while additionally offering cremation as a common perform. Tracing historical and classical cremation websites, ancient and modern cremation strategies and techniques of either medical and felony variety, the encyclopedia additionally comprises sections on particular cremation rituals, structure, artwork and textual content. positive factors within the quantity contain: a basic creation and editorial introductions to sub-sections via Douglas Davies', a world expert in loss of life stories; appendices of worldwide cremation records and a chronology of cremation; cross-referencing pathways in the course of the entries through the index; person access bibliographies; and illustrations. This significant foreign reference paintings can also be a vital resource ebook for college kids at the turning out to be variety of death-studies classes and wider stories in faith, anthropology or sociology.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Cremation
As SECTION 1 Encyclopedia 14 12/10/05 12:21 pm Page 14 A rc h a e o l o g y with other aspects of the rite it may be that the time expended on collecting bone for burial and/or the number of individuals involved in the collection reflected the status of the deceased. Pyre goods, such as worked bone or antler pins for fastening clothing, copper-alloy objects and worked flint tools, are commonly recovered from amongst the cremated human bone. Animal offerings were also cremated on the pyre with the deceased; approximately 16 per cent of British burials have been found to contain small quantities of one or two species of animal, most commonly immature sheep/goats and birds.
The choice of cremation does not imply absence of a traditional funeral. In fact, a funeral service usually takes place before SECTION 1 Encyclopedia 2 12/10/05 12:21 pm Page 2 Advertising cremation, and it need be no different to a funeral followed by an interment. Memorial services held before cremation can have the body present, or the service may occur after cremation with the cremated remains present. Some people question whether their ashes may end up being mixed with those of someone else or with other materials resulting from the cremation process, such as wood.
Until, when the swirling of the turbulent air dies down, the fire had by then destroyed his [Beowulf’s] bone-framed body …Heaven swallowed up the smoke (XLIII 3136–3156). SECTION 1 Encyclopedia 10 12/10/05 12:21 pm Page 10 A rc h a e o l o g y Most pyre sites – of which relatively few survive archaeologically – indicate that the pyre was constructed directly on the ground surface, rendering the ephemeral remains susceptible to destruction by subsequent activity. The underpyre scoops associated with some late Iron Age pyres were probably dug to aid draught (McKinley, 2000).