Download A Political And Diplomatic History of Afghanistan, 1863-1901 by M. Hassan Kakar PDF

By M. Hassan Kakar

This political and diplomatic historical past of past due nineteenth-century Afghanistan and its significant ethnic teams lays naked how the floor was once laid for the emergence of Afghanistan as a geographical region in addition to for the implementation of schemes of modernization.

It describes how Amir Sher ‘Ali Khan and, extra absolutely, Amir ‘Abd al-Rahman Khan for the 1st time consolidated the authority of the significant executive on the fee of the conventional self sufficient neighborhood magnates, and therefore controlled to prepare a centralized monarchical country and expand its direct rule thoughout Afghanistan.

They did so within the days of what has develop into often called the good online game for the mastery of principal Asian states. even if the nice online game led to the aid of Afghanistan in dimension, it additionally ended in the transparent demarcation of its obstacles in line with overseas agreements.

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47 General Roberts tried to reduce the anti-British Mohammadzays into insignificance by elevating their opponents to official positions. He appointed Sardar Wali Mohammad Khan in place of MajorGeneral J. Hill-Jones as governor (wali ) with Mustaufi Habib Allah Wardak to assist him in financial affairs. However, although he had numerous sons, cousins and relatives, the wali had no control outside the city, and within the city too his power had to be maintained by force. By associating himself with the British he had become so much unpopular with the people that they referred to him as lawti (from lord).

15 Kakar, Jang-e-Dowom-e-Afghan-Englis, 76. 16 MacGregor, War in Afghanistan, 108. , Siah Sang, Kabul, 9 Oct. 1879, 9 (909), Dispatches from the Government of India Containing a Statement of the Cases Tried before the Military Commission, London, 1880. the british afghan war 31 is no official policy pronouncement to confirm this, the British officials in Kabul behaved as if it was actually the case. MacGregor for one is explicit about it in the following passage, . . under the present juncture of affairs, the thing to do is to say to the Afghans.

Mahmud Tarzi’s figures also tally with them when he states that “. . ” Reminiscences, 7. , (from Kabul), to Alfred C. Lyall, Secretary to the Government of India, 22 Nov. 1879, Political and Secret Letters and Enclosures Received (in London) from India, (Henceforth PSLI), vol. 23, p. 1579. India Office Library, London. Effendi, Royals and Royal Mendicant, 139. 22 Tarzi, Reminiscences, 7. 23 Effendi, Royals and Royal Mendicant, 137. 23a However, the Mohammadzays and the aristocracy showed little interest in the military service.

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