By Muriel H. Wright
Greater than a century and a part in the past Oklahoma used to be selected to develop into the house of the crimson guy within the usa. this present day, sixty-seven tribes as broadly divergent because the 5 Civilized Tribes from the Southeast, the Plains tribes from the West, the Seneca from Ohio, and the indigenous Osage stay inside of its obstacles. extra Indian tribes have retained their personality and id in Oklahoma than in the other country of the Union. while, the yankee Indian in Oklahoma is extremely revered colleague of his white modern in enterprise, the professions, paintings, track, and in another stroll of existence. it really is major that there are not any reservations within the nation. lots of the Indians are smooth americans in customs, behavior, and get dressed and feature a similar way of life as the other citizen of the kingdom. Nowhere else within the usa are available this kind of mixing of the blood and the civilization of the Anglo-American and the yankee Indian. This consultant to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma lists alphabetically the tribes in the kingdom- twenty-nine of that have retained their tribal identification within the jurisdiction of a number of the Indian enterprises, and thirty-eight small tribes and fragments of tribes not famous individually. No similar paintings has been issued due to the fact Frederick Webb Hodge's guide of yankee Indians North of Mexico used to be released in volumes in 1910 and 1911. the current encyclopedic therapy of the topic of Oklahoma indians give you the following details for many tribes: beginning of the tribal identify, linguistic inventory, actual features, current place, numbers, historical past, govt and association, modern existence and tradition, and ceremonials and public dances. additionally, there's a record of prompt examining referring to each one tribe. quantity 33 within the Civilizations of the yankee Indian sequence
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Extra resources for A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma (Civilization of the American Indian)
Ten years later, on May 30, 1830, as President of the Page 12 Page 13 United States, he approved an act of Congress formally adopting the policy of removal of the eastern tribes and assigning them lands in the western part of the Louisiana Purchase. The country lying west of the state of Missouri and Arkansas Territory became known as the Indian Territory, bounded on the north by the Platte River and on the south by the Red River and extending to the limits of the United States on the west. The southern part of this original Indian Territory was unique in its development.
The Cherokee (Iroquoian family) have their own written language, the work of their famous tribesman, Sequoyah, who had perfected his wonderful invention of the Cherokee alphabet and placed the name of his people on the roll of the literate nations of the world by 1822. There are proofs that some of the tribes now living in the state are the descendants of prehistoric Indian peoples who once lived here but whose names are not known. This region, like other parts of the United States, was inhabited by Indian tribes in prehistoric times, although their identification and number are difficult to determine since Oklahoma was in the path of a long series of mass migrations, probably from the west.
Professor Edward Everett Dale, research professor of history and director of the Frank Phillips Collection in the University of Oklahoma, pointed out special documents and source materials in the Phillips Collection; indeed, without his encouragement I would never have undertaken this volume. Mr. Grant Foreman of Muskogee kindly lent me some rare reports from the United States Indian Office. Mr. Dover P. Trent, acting district director of the former Oklahoma City Indian Office, was generous in supplying reports on Oklahoma Indian census figures and on the work relating to the Indian credit associations organized among some of the tribal groups.