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By James F. Eder

For many of the 20 th century, migrant settlers from the Philippines have validated homesteads and new methods of existence on Palawan Island, a one-time woodland barren region. at the island's coastal plains and within the hilly inside, settlers have created dynamic and filthy rich groups according to in the neighborhood variable combos of agricultural and non-agricultural lifeways. This quantity provides an research of socioeconomic swap in a single Palawan settler group based through the Nineteen Forties. in response to particular details on the degrees of neighborhood, family and person spanning a 25-year interval (1970-1995), the chapters focus on 3 uncomplicated issues: the improvement of a post-frontier village financial system; family recommendations for survival and prosperity; and person goals as they relate to rules approximately social status and private worthy. those subject matters are attached into an built-in research of swap in the neighborhood throughout time and set in the context of wider alterations in society.

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Additional resources for A Generation Later: Household Strategies and Economic Change in the Rural Philippines

Sample text

A considerable number of San Jose marriages—perhaps 50 percent, in some local views—involve couples who have already conceived a child or been sexually active. Divorce is not legal in the Philippines; annulments and legal separations are possible but in practice difficult to obtain. There is a low incidence of de facto divorce and permanent separation, and some abusive or otherwise unsatisfactory marital relationships, but all newly married couples expect their marriages to work and to last. At least in Philippine communities like San Jose, spouses are universally self-selected.

Cuyo’s sailboating farmers thus became part of an adaptation that allowed the status quo to persist in Cuyo long after the island’s own land proved inadequate to meet local subsistence needs. In some Cuyo households today, it is an adaptation that persists to the present. However, in a longer view for most farmers, the adaptation proved only transitional. By the 1930s and 1940s, continuing population pressure on Cuyo Island and growing awareness of opportunities on Palawan Island to earn both cash and subsistence incomes Developing Community, Developing Region 23 permanently altered the balance of costs and rewards for adhering to the old way of life in Cuyo.

Here I turn to some of the more general aspects of the local social and cultural setting within which agricultural intensification, occupational diversification, and other changes have occurred. The values and practices that surround kinship and the family in San Jose resemble those found elsewhere in the Hispanized Philippines. Both sides of a family receive equal emphasis, whether in the tracing of descent or in the according of respect. The same kin terms of address, for example, that one employs for one’s parents or siblings are also used to address parents-in-law and siblings-in-law.

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