Category: Cognitive

Principles of Learning and Memory (The Experimental

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However, there are two major problems with such an approach. How are we to understand these findings in the light of the previous theories of concepts? Researchers: Brianna Mann & Brian Vandenberg, University of Missouri-St. This fact is perceived when the postbox is identified as such.” Most objects give rise to more than one affordance, with the particular affordance that influences behaviour depending on the perceiver’s current psychological state.
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Eat or be Eaten: Predator Sensitive Foraging Among Primates

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Psyc 575/Neur 501 Advanced Cognitive Neuroscience: Attention and Perception 3. Validity and utility of alternative predictors of job performance. If these dots are very large then the detail one can represent is limited, whereas if the dots are very small more detailed images can be represented. When our infant comes across another object again -- say a beach ball -- he will try his old schema of grab and thrust. First, as Milner and Goodale (1998, p. 2) pointed out, “Standard accounts of vision implicitly assume that the purpose of the visual system is to construct some sort of internal model of the world outside.” Thus, it is common to focus on vision for perception and to de-emphasise vision for action.
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Transcortical Aphasias (Brain, Behaviour and Cognition)

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Furthermore, there is an interaction between these two limitations; the probability of being affected by resource limitations can decrease the more knowledge one has of a problem (because of chunking). As Banich (1997, p. 55) pointed out, such individuals “typically vary widely in age, socioeconomic status, and educational background. Kosslyn et al. (1993) have used PET techniques to investigate the localisation of imagery processing in the brain. Køhler and Moscovitch (1997) discussed findings from several patients who had had an entire cerebral hemisphere removed.
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Art and the Creative Unconscious

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To familiarise students with the leading theories and perspectives of criminal behaviour and its treatment. Early attempts at simulating human intelligence revealed that artificial cognitive systems that are not already equipped with a fair amount of "innate knowledge" about a particular problem domain are unable to solve even the easiest problems (see, for example, the idea of "scripts" in Schank and Abelson 1977). There have been several demonstrations of the partial separateness of these two visual systems.
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Space and Sense (Essays in Cognitive Psychology)

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He graduated from Dalhousie University in 1925, and tried to begin a career as a novelist. The underlying idea is that since our mind is the way it is at least in part because of our evolutionary past, evolutionary theory can aid our understanding not only of the human body, but also of the human mind. Please check back or contact royalhollowayinternational rhul.ac.uk / Tel: +44 (0)1784 276629 for further information. When the work is completed, students must defend the proposed equivalent work before their specialty exam committee.
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Neural Computation of Pattern Motion: Modeling Stages of

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They also study brain deficits caused by developmental disorders or disorders of impaired ability resulting from a disability. Vygotsky's theory has made developmental psychologists more aware of the importance of the immediate social contexts of learning and it has increased appreciation of the importance of culture in cognitive development. We were also interested only in misinformation which were likely to spread to a large section of the social network.
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Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: An Introduction

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Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Adult Anxiety. Those who believe that recovered memories are false point out that there is often no concrete evidence to confirm their accuracy. According to Cohen et al., 1997, p. 148), “The hippocampal system plays only an indirect role in consciousness—it organises the database, so to speak, on which other brain systems may operate and, in so doing, determines the structure and range of conscious recollection.” Curran and Schacter (1997, p. 45) related some of the basic ideas discussed in this section to the implicit/ explicit distinction: Implicit memory reflects primarily the bottom-up, nonconscious effects of prior experience on single brain subsystems, and may also involve interactions between a limited number of brain subsystems.
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Frege's Puzzle (Bradford Books)

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Even in those circumstances, however, Treisman (1960) only observed breakthrough on 6% of trials. Behavioral theories demonstrated how conditioning can be used to learn new information and behaviors (Unknown, 2011).... ... Assessment: Each course module (24 hours) is assessed separately by: Read profiles of some Course Graduates here: Áine Ní Ghráda and Sarah Glynn who used Postgraduate Certificate as a stepping stone to a Higher Diploma in Psychology and Brian Ó Murchú, for whom the course has also sparked an interest for further psychology study.
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LEAD Workbook: Treatment for High-Risk Sexual Misconduct

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Egocentric thinking predominates Concrete operational stage (Elementary and early adolescence). Why is an eyewitness's confidence a poor predictor of identification accuracy? In this phenomenon, the processing of a target stimulus is inhibited if that stimulus or one very similar to it was an unattended or distracting stimulus on the previous trial. Faced with a choice between psychoanalysis and behaviorism, many psychologists in the 1950s and 1960s sensed a void in psychology's conception of human nature.
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Dialectical Behaviour Therapy: Distinctive Features (CBT

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As individuals act on these choices, they are sometimes presented with a conflict of interest between the beliefs they hold and the actions they commit. This theory starts from the idea that we seek consistency in our beliefs and attitudes in any situation where two cognitions are inconsistent. This includes informal presentations by faculty, graduate students, and other professionals. Please check back or contact royalhollowayinternational rhul.ac.uk / Tel: +44 (0)1784 276629 for further information.
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