Category: Cognitive

Incantation of the Law Against Inept Critics: A Guide to

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As Ellis and Humpreys (1999, p. 558) pointed out, these findings are problematical for other models: “Models such as those of Farah and McClelland (1991), which do not separate different forms of stored knowledge, find it more difficult to account for such a pattern of dissociation in which one ability stays intact.” The model does not provide a convincing explanation of those patients who have poorer naming and access to semantic information with non-living than with living things (e.g., Warrington & McCarthy, 1994).
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Beyond Teaching and Learning: Ways to Profoundly Improve the

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Our main concern in this chapter is on this wider context, on how relational concepts and schemata have been characterised from the propositional perspective. Films are presented at a rate of 24 frames per second; this is known as the sample rate. Keep this conversation going for 10 lines or so. An example of the way in which modern psychologists approach the study of perception is the research being done at the Center for Ecological Study of Perception and Action at the University of Connecticut (CESPA).
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The Mind Brain Relationship (International Journal of

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The identification procedure plays a role in identifying objects in the real world and is responsive to their characteristic attributes. Artificial neural network with two layers, an interconnected group of nodes, akin to the vast network of neurons in the human brain. There were numerous illusory conjunctions when attention was widely distributed, but not when the stimuli were presented to focal attention. Traditionally, imagery has been viewed as being a right hemisphere function (see Ehrlichman & Barrett, 1983, for a review).
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Understanding Priming Effects in Social Psychology

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Similarly Deregowski's (1972) study of the cognitive process of pictorial perception demonstrates how perception is influenced by our culture. Close relationships are at the core of the human experience. Johnson-Laird and Byrne (1991) have proposed an account of all of the effects found on the selection task, although this proposal requires some fleshing out. According to McCloskey (1983) these responses arise from a simple model of motion that he calls impetus theory.
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Developing Scaffolds in Evolution, Culture, and Cognition

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As if that were not enough, with the due caution this subject deserves, the existence of a finalistic or teleological evolution is scientifically proven to agree with that indicated by the General Theory of Conditional Evolution of Life. These links vary greatly in the type of information presented. THEORETICAL INTEGRATION One of the differences between constructivist theories and Gibson’s approach is that top-down processes in perception are emphasised by constructivist theorists, whereas Gibson argued that bottom-up processes are of paramount importance.
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The Psychology of Attention

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The learning-by-doing theories that are widely employed in cognitive science are analyses of how cognitive structure accommodates to experience. Cognitive Systems: Integrated and Hybrid Architectures and Algorithms: Resource list, references, on-line bibliographies, other links. Although the computational-representational approach to cognitive science has been successful in explaining many aspects of human problem solving, learning, and language use, some philosophical critics have claimed that this approach is fundamentally mistaken.
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On Becoming Aware: A pragmatics of experiencing (Advances in

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Secondary memory contains information about events that have left consciousness, and are therefore part of the psychological past. Other work in this area has examined how predictions are made when there is some uncertainty about the classification of an object; for example, where a far-away object seems to be a dog and may therefore bite (Murphy & Ross, 1994; Ross & Murphy, 1996). In the localist version of the model, the middle layer of the network has units that represent one word.
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Visual Methods in Psychology: Using and Interpreting Images

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Salary expectations for cognitive psychologists typically depend on the sector you’re employed in. This definition of valid and invalid inferences is critical to the empirical treatment of reasoning because it defines the dependent measures used in most experiments. Experiential freedom: the sense that you are free to experience your life in any way you choose. He abolished mind as a substance and said that it is a secondary quality like matter.
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Dimensions of Conscious Experience (Advances in

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As would be predicted on this theory, most amnesic patients display impaired performance on tests of recently acquired episodic and semantic memories. Kintsch’s construction-integration model Kintsch (1988, 1992, 1994) put forward a construction-integration model that developed and extended his previous model. However, the participants strongly denied that spatial position had played any part in their decision, referring instead to slight differences in colour, texture, and so on among the pairs of stockings as having been important.
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Language, Brain, and Cognitive Development: Essays in Honor

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However, this mode of dissonance reduction frequently presents problems for people, as it is often difficult for people to change well-learned behavioral responses (e.g. giving up smoking). Description: The study of human vision--both behavioral and physiological data--within a framework of computational and mathematical descriptions. The participants were presented initially with drawings of faces or houses, and were told to associate a name with each face and each house.
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