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Hospital errors are number three killer in Australia. However, when these poorer populations exchange their traditional foods for Western food then asthma rates begin to climb. "Conventional medicine seeks to reduce this inflammation by using anti-inflammatory medications, or use pharmaceutical inhalants to temporarily dilate the passageway. Eisenberg,  characterized alternative medicine "as interventions neither taught widely in medical schools nor generally available in US hospitals".  These descriptive definitions are inadequate in the present-day when some conventional doctors offer alternative medical treatments and CAM introductory courses or modules can be offered as part of standard undergraduate medical training;  alternative medicine is taught in more than 50 per cent of US medical schools and increasingly US health insurers are willing to provide reimbursement for CAM therapies.  In 1999, 7.7% of US hospitals reported using some form of CAM therapy; this proportion had risen to 37.7% by 2008.  An expert panel at a conference hosted in 1995 by the US Office for Alternative Medicine (OAM),  [n 15] devised a theoretical definition  of alternative medicine as "a broad domain of healing resources ... other than those intrinsic to the politically dominant health system of a particular society or culture in a given historical period."  This definition has been widely adopted by CAM researchers,  cited by official government bodies such as the UK Department of Health,  attributed as the definition used by the Cochrane Collaboration,  and, with some modification,[ dubious – discuss ] was preferred in the 2005 consensus report of the US Institute of Medicine, Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the United States. [n 4] The 1995 OAM conference definition, an expansion of Eisenberg's 1993 formulation, is silent regarding questions of the medical effectiveness of alternative therapies.  Its proponents hold that it thus avoids relativism about differing forms of medical knowledge and, while it is an essentially political definition, this should not imply that the dominance of mainstream biomedicine is solely due to political forces.  According to this definition, alternative and mainstream medicine can only be differentiated with reference to what is "intrinsic to the politically dominant health system of a particular society of culture".  However, there is neither a reliable method to distinguish between cultures and subcultures, nor to attribute them as dominant or subordinate, nor any accepted criteria to determine the dominance of a cultural entity.  If the culture of a politically dominant healthcare system is held to be equivalent to the perspectives of those charged with the medical management of leading healthcare institutions and programs, the definition fails to recognize the potential for division either within such an elite or between a healthcare elite and the wider population.  Normative definitions distinguish alternative medicine from the biomedical mainstream in its provision of therapies that are unproven, unvalidated, or ineffective and support of theories with no recognized scientific basis.  These definitions characterize practices as constituting alternative medicine when, used independently or in place of evidence-based medicine, they are put forward as having the healing effects of medicine, but are not based on evidence gathered with the scientific method.       Exemplifying this perspective, a 1998 editorial co-authored by Marcia Angell, a former editor of the New England Journal of Medicine, argued that: "It is time for the scientific community to stop giving alternative medicine a free ride.
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